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PIE root

From Proto-Balto-Slavic *gerˀtei ‎(devour, lap up); compare Latvian dzer̂t ‎(drink), Old Church Slavonic пожрѣти, пожьрѫ ‎(požrěti, požĭrǫ, swallow, devour), Polish żreć ‎(eat greedily). Also consider Russian demotic нажраться ‎(nažratʹsja, to eat a lot; get drunk). From Proto-Indo-European *gʷerh₃- ‎(to devour). Cognates include Sanskrit गिरति ‎(giráti, devour), Ancient Greek βιβρώσκω ‎(bibrṓskō, eat up) and Latin vorō ‎(devour, swallow). The present tense stem of the Slavic words < *gir- comes from the zero-grade of the root; compare girti ‎(get drunk), girtas ‎(drunk). See also gurklỹs ‎(craw, throat).


  • IPA(key): [ˈɡʲɛrʲ.tʲɪ]


gérti ‎(third-person present tense gẽria, third-person past tense gė́rė)

  1. drink (consume liquid to quench thirst)
    Jìs nóri gérti alaũs - He wants to drink some beer
  2. drink (of alcoholic beverages), booze
  3. soak up, absorb
    Kempìnė gẽria vándenį - The sponge soaks up water



  1. (alcohol): girtauti
  2. (soak up): traukti, siurbti; skverbtis, sunktis

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