dzert

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Latgalian[edit]

Verb[edit]

dzert

  1. to drink

Latvian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Baltic *ger-, from Proto-Indo-European *gʷer-, *gʷor-, *gʷerh₃- (to devour). The meaning “to drink” is attested only in Baltic languages. Cognates include Lithuanian gérti, Sudovian terd (< *gert), Old Prussian girtwei (to praise) (< “to drink in praise of”), Proto-Slavic *žьrati < *gьrati (Russian жрать (žrat’, to gobble, to devour), Czech žrati, Polish żreć), Sanskrit गिरति (giráti, to eat, to gobble), Ancient Greek βιβρώσκω (bibrṓskō, to eat), βορά (borá, food, meat, bite) (< *gʷor-), Latin vorāre (to devour) (< *gʷor-).[1]

Pronunciation[edit]

(file)

Verb[edit]

dzert tr. or intr., 1st conj., pres. dzeru, dzer, dzer, past dzēru

  1. to drink (to take a liquid into the mouth and swallow it)
    dzert kafiju, tēju, vīnuto drink coffee, tea, wine
    teļš dzer pienuthe calf is drinking milk
    putni dzer ūdenibirds drink water
    visu mūžu labprāt esmu dzēris aluI have drunk beer with pleasure my whole life
  2. (intransitive) to drink (to satisfy one's thirst)
    govis sanāk pie dīķa dzertthe cows came by the pond to drink
    dzert gribas,” puika sūrojās“I'm thirsty (lit. I want to drink),” the boy complained
  3. (of medicine) to take, to ingest (with a liquid)
    dzert zālesto take medicine
    dzert aspirīna tabletito take an aspirin tablet
  4. (figuratively) to enjoy (light, air, climate)
    viņa dzēra vasaru kā zieds, kas atplaucis vienai dienaishe drank the summer like a flower that blossoms (only) for one day
  5. (intransitive) to drink (to consume alcoholic beverages frequently, systematically)
    vīrs dzer tikai tad, ja mājās viss nav kārtībāa husband drinks only when everything is not in order at home
    tad viņš iesāka dzert: vakaru pēc vakara viņš streipuļodams no kroga pārnāca mājāthen he began to drink: night after night he came home staggering from the bar
  6. to drink (an alcoholic beverage) to the honor of someone, of a celebration), to celebrate (weddings, baptisms, funerals)
    tagad, Aivar, es dzeru uz jūsu laimi!now, Aivars, I drink to your happiness!
    kāzu godu mēs dzērām, kāzu dziesmas dziedājāmwe drank (in honor of) the wedding, we sang wedding songs
    tagad jādzer Brīviņa bēresnow (we) have to drink (= celebrate) Brīviņš's funeral
    pēdīgi viņš vaicāja, kad Kristīne vēloties, lai tiktu kāzas dzertas?finally he asked when Kristīne wanted that the wedding be drunk (= celebrated)

Conjugation[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

prefixed verbs:
other derived terms:

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Karulis, Konstantīns (1992), “dzert”, in Latviešu Etimoloģijas Vārdnīca (in Latvian), Rīga: AVOTS, ISBN 9984-700-12-7