hafa

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Chamorro[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Compare Indonesian apa, Hawaiian aha.

Pronoun[edit]

hafa

  1. what

Icelandic[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

From Old Norse hafa, from Proto-Germanic *habjaną, from Proto-Indo-European *keh₂p- (take, seize).

Verb[edit]

hafa (weak verb, third-person singular past indicative hafði, supine haft)

  1. (transitive, governs the accusative) to have syn.
    Ég hef köku.
    I have a cake.
    Þú hefur sterka handleggi.
    You have strong arms.
    Skólinn hefur margt
  2. (transitive, governs the accusative) to hold, to have syn.
  3. (transitive, governs the accusative) to keep syn.
  4. (transitive, governs the accusative) to feel syn.
    Hvernig hefurðu það? - Ég hef það fínt.
    How are you doing? - I'm fine.
Usage notes[edit]
Conjugation[edit]

Note: The forms hefihefirhefir are fairly rare, but acceptable.

Synonyms[edit]
Derived terms[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

See haf.

Noun[edit]

hafa n

  1. indefinite genitive plural of haf

Old Danish[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Old Norse hafa, from Proto-Germanic *habjaną.

Pronunciation[edit]

Verb[edit]

hafa (third-person singular present indicative hafir, third-person singular past indicative hafþi)

  1. (Scanian) to have
    • c. 1210, "Far þæn man", Scanian Law, chapter 6.
      Far þæn man kunæ ær børn hafir ok […]
      If the man finds a wife, who has children, and […]

Descendants[edit]


Old English[edit]

Verb[edit]

hafa

  1. singular imperative of habban

Old Norse[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Germanic *habjaną (to have, hold), ultimately from Proto-Indo-European *keh₂p- (to take, seize). Cognate with Old English habban, hafian, Old Frisian hebba, Old Saxon hebbian, Old High German habēn, Gothic 𐌷𐌰𐌱𐌰𐌽 (haban).

Verb[edit]

hafa (singular past indicative hafði, plural past indicative hǫfðu, past participle hafðr)

  1. to have
  2. to hold, keep, retain
  3. to bring, carry

Conjugation[edit]

Descendants[edit]

References[edit]

  • hafa in Geir T. Zoëga (1910) A Concise Dictionary of Old Icelandic, Oxford: Clarendon Press