hoeven

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Dutch[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

Unclear. Cognates are attested much more sparsely, and later, than those of the prefixed form behoeven. It therefore appears that hoeven is a back-formation from behoeven.

Verb[edit]

hoeven

  1. (intransitive) to be necessary
  2. (auxiliary, with te) to need to, to have to
    Je hoeft niet ver te zoeken.
    You don't have to seek far.
    Je hoeft het maar te vragen.
    You only need to ask it.
  3. (transitive, with maar) to need
    Ik hoef er maar twee.
    I only need two (of them).
  4. (intransitive, euphemistic) to need to urinate or defecate, to need to go
Inflection[edit]
Inflection of hoeven (weak)
infinitive hoeven
past singular hoefde
past participle gehoefd
infinitive hoeven
gerund hoeven n
verbal noun
present tense past tense
1st person singular hoef hoefde
2nd person sing. (jij) hoeft hoefde
2nd person sing. (u) hoeft hoefde
2nd person sing. (gij) hoeft hoefde
3rd person singular hoeft hoefde
plural hoeven hoefden
subjunctive sing.1 hoeve hoefde
subjunctive plur.1 hoeven hoefden
imperative sing. hoef
imperative plur.1 hoeft
participles hoevend gehoefd
1) Archaic.
Synonyms[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

Non-lemma forms.

Noun[edit]

hoeven

  1. Plural form of hoef

Noun[edit]

hoeven

  1. Plural form of hoeve