idiosyncrasy

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English[edit]

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Etymology[edit]

First attested in 1604, in modern sense since 1665, from Old French idiosyncrasie, from Ancient Greek ἰδιοσυγκρασία (idiosunkrasía, one’s own temperament), from ἴδιος (ídios, one’s own) + σύν (sún, together) + κρᾶσις (krâsis, temperament).

Pronunciation[edit]

  • (UK) IPA(key): /ˌɪdɪə(ʊ)ˈsɪŋkɹəsi/
  • IPA(key): /ˌɪd.i.əʊˈsɪŋ.kɹə.si/
  • IPA(key): /ˌɪdi.əˈsɪŋkɹəsi/
  • Hyphenation: idio‧syn‧crasy

Noun[edit]

idiosyncrasy (plural idiosyncrasies)

  1. A behavior or way of thinking that is characteristic of a person.
  2. A language or behaviour that is particular to an individual or group.
  3. (medicine) A peculiar individual reaction to a generally innocuous substance or factor.
  4. A peculiarity that serves to distinguish or identify.
    He mastered the idiosyncrasies of English spelling.

Synonyms[edit]

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Derived terms[edit]

Translations[edit]

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See also[edit]

References[edit]