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Acacia karroo bipinnate leaf, showing examples of juga
A. Rachilla (the diminutive of rachis)
B. Pinnule
C. Jugary glands
D. Juga (plural of jugum)
E. Base of petiole
F. Petiolary gland
G. Rachis


Latin jugum (yoke, ridge).


jugum (plural jugums or juga)

  1. (botany) One of the ridges commonly found on the fruit of umbelliferous plants.
  2. (botany) A pair of opposite leaflets of a pinnate plant.

Related terms[edit]

Part or all of this entry has been imported from the 1913 edition of Webster’s Dictionary, which is now free of copyright and hence in the public domain. The imported definitions may be significantly out of date, and any more recent senses may be completely missing.
(See the entry for jugum in
Webster’s Revised Unabridged Dictionary, G. & C. Merriam, 1913.)



jugum n (genitive jugī); second declension

  1. Alternative form of iugum


Second-declension noun (neuter).

Case Singular Plural
Nominative jugum juga
Genitive jugī jugōrum
Dative jugō jugīs
Accusative jugum juga
Ablative jugō jugīs
Vocative jugum juga


  • jugum in Charlton T. Lewis and Charles Short, A Latin Dictionary, Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1879
  • jugum in Gaffiot, Félix, Dictionnaire illustré Latin-Français, Hachette, 1934
  • jugum in William Smith et al., editor, A Dictionary of Greek and Roman Antiquities, London: William Wayte. G. E. Marindin, 1890