krusts

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Gothic[edit]

Romanization[edit]

krusts

  1. Romanization of 𐌺𐍂𐌿𐍃𐍄𐍃

Latvian[edit]

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 Krusts on Latvian Wikipedia

Wikipedia lv

Mirt pie krusta (1)
Kapa krusts (3)
Dzelzs krusts (4)
Maltas krusts (5)
Krusta astotnieks (7)

Alternative forms[edit]

Etymology[edit]

A borrowing from Old East Slavic крьстъ (krĭstŭ) (compare Russian крест (krest)) (from Old High German Christ (Christ)), which regularly yielded Latvian dialectal krists. The u of the standard Latvian form krusts, however, is not obviously explainable. There are several theories: contamination of Latin crux (cross) and Christus (words that Latvians would often hear in Latin in church), influence of Old Belarusian *кръстъ (krŭstŭ), an earlier borrowing from Old Norse kross (with an open o which old Baltic dialects would have borrowed as u); or perhaps no borrowing (krusts might come from an old Proto-Indo-European word cognate with Latin crux).[1]

Noun[edit]

krusts m (1st declension)

  1. (historical, Ancient Rome) cross (wooden post with attached beam used to execute criminals by crucifixion)
    mirt pie krusta — to die on the cross
    nāve pie krusta — death on the cross
  2. (figuratively) suffering, hardship; nuisance (by implicit comparison with the crucifixion)
    katram savs krusts jānes — each has his own cross to bear
    nedod dievs kādu krustu! — may god not give such hardship (lit. cross)
  3. (Christianity) cross (main symbol of the Christian religion, in the shape of the instrument used to execute Jesus)
    koka, marmora, zelta krusts — wooden, marmor, golden cross
    kapa krusts — grave cross
    apzīmēt ar krustu, ar krusta zīmi — to make the sign of the cross
    (pār)mest, (aiz)mest krustu — to make (lit. throw) the sign of the cross
  4. cross ((non-religious) decoration in the shape of a cross)
    esmu apbalvots ar dzelzs krustu un citiem ordeņiem — I was awarded the iron cross and other medals
  5. cross (symbol, ornament or decorative element, consisting of at least two lines that cross)
    ķeltu krusts — the Celtic cross
    Maltas krusts — the Maltese cross
    ugunskrusts, kāškrusts — swastika (lit. fire cross, hook(ed) cross)
  6. cross (objects, elements that cross each other)
    krusta velve — groin (lit. cross) vault
  7. (card games) clubs (one of the four suits of playing cards, marked with the symbol )
    krusta astotnieks — eight of clubs

Declension[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ “krusts” in Konstantīns Karulis (1992, 2001), Latviešu Etimoloģijas Vārdnīca (Rīga: AVOTS) ISBN: 9984-700-12-7.