From Proto-Baltic *kurp- (+ feminine ending -e), from the zero grade *kr̥p- of Proto-Indo-European *kerp- (“piece of leather; shoe”), from the stem *ker- (“to cut”) (whence also cirpt (“to shear, to clip”), q.v.) with an extra p. Semantic evolution: “to cut” > “a cut piece of leather” > “shoe (made of leather)” > “shoe.” Cognates include Lithuanian kùrpė (“shoe, half-boot, slipper; foot (measure of length)”), Old Prussian kurpe (“shoe”), Russian dialectal корпа́ть (korpátʹ, “to mend clothes”), Bulgarian кърпа (kǎrpa, “rag, cloth, patch”), Serbo-Croatian kȑpa (“patch, piece of cloth”), kȑplje (“old shoes, skis”), Old Irish cairem (“cobbler”) (< *carpjamos), Ancient Greek καρβάτινος (karbátinos, “made of leather”), καρβάτιναι (karbátinai, “rawhide shoes”), καρπάτινον (karpátinon, “simple shoe made of one piece of leather”).
kurpe f (5th declension)
- (usually in the plural) shoes (footwear made of strong, rigid material (e.g., leather) with heels and hard soles, covering the foot but not higher than the ankle)
- vīriešu vasaras kurpes ― men's summer shoes
- sieviešu ielas kurpes ― women's street shoes
- augstpapēžu kurpes ― high-heeled shoes
- rīta kurpes ― slippers (lit. morning shoes)
- kurpes ar sprādzi ― shoes with a buckle
- 'kurpju auklas ― shoe laces
- spodrināt kurpes ― to polish shoes
- novilkt kurpes ― to take off (one's) shoes
- baleta kurpes ― ballet shoes
- Kumuru ciema kurpniekam Mednītim nācās taisīt vairākus pārus kurpju ― Mednītis, the shoemaker of the village of Kumuru, had to make several pairs of shoes
- (technology) a component part which supports something else
- balsta iekšējā kurpe ― supporting internal shoe
Level intonation is the standard intonation for the term kurpe (“shoe”) according to Latviešu etimoloģijas vārdnīca, pronunciation with a broken intonation is very common, however.