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From Middle High German lieveren (before 1350), which may be borrowed directly from Old French livrer, from Latin līberāre, but was probably introduced via Middle Dutch and Middle Low German lēveren (the vocalism -ie- then being due to hypercorrection; compare also attested liebern). Low German definitely contributed to the spread of the word, which was part of the technical vocabulary of the Hanseatic League. Compare with modern Dutch leveren, modern French livrer.


  • IPA(key): /liːfɐn/
  • (file)
  • Hyphenation: lie‧fern


liefern ‎(third-person singular simple present liefert, past tense lieferte, past participle geliefert, auxiliary haben)

  1. (goods) to supply (provide, make available for use)
  2. (crops) to yield (produce outcome)
  3. (information) to research, to read up on something
  4. (battle, duel, war) to fight


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