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See also: Lumpen



Etymology 1[edit]

Shortened from German Lumpenproletariat, from Lump (a contemptible person) + Proletariat.



  1. Of or relating to social outcasts.
  2. Of or relating to the lumpenproletariat.
  3. Plebeian.
  4. Lump-like.
    • 2000, Joanne Morra, ‎Mark Robson, ‎& Marquard Smith, The Limits of Death: Between Philosophy and Psychoanalysis, →ISBN, page 72:
      This something, which is neither body nor machine but interior and alien to them both, pertains to the 'meat' in Gibson's world insofar as the 'meat' - that useless corporeal remainder discarded by the machine - retains an excess that cannot be reduced to the lumpen mass of fleshy existence.
    • 2001, Adrian Beard, Texts and Contexts: Introducing Literature and Language Study, →ISBN:
      Using the last two as an example, there is a constant sense of contrast in the poem, in this case between the streamlined ship which will surge through the water and the mere lumpen shape of the clumsy iceberg.
    • 2003, Dana Stabenow, A Grave Denied, →ISBN, page 17:
      Billy and Dandy had draped a tarp over the body but the shape itself looked lumpen and grotesque.
Related terms[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

From lump +‎ -en (verbal suffix).


lumpen (third-person singular simple present lumpens, present participle lumpening, simple past and past participle lumpened)

  1. (rare, transitive, intransitive) To make or become like lumps; make or become lumpy
    • 1959, Harold Uriel Ribalow, The chosen, page 298:
      They had chicken soup with the matzo meal balls a little lumpened by hurry, challah, roast chicken, kasha, honey-cake.


Old English[edit]




  1. past participle of limpan



lumpen m (plural lúmpenes)

  1. underclass, hoi polloi