lumpen

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See also: Lumpen

English[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): /ˈlʌmpən/
  • (file)

Etymology 1[edit]

Shortened from German Lumpenproletariat, from Lump (a contemptible person) + Proletariat.

Adjective[edit]

lumpen

  1. Of or relating to social outcasts.
  2. Of or relating to the lumpenproletariat.
  3. Plebeian.
Related terms[edit]
Translations[edit]

Noun[edit]

lumpen (plural lumpens)

  1. A member of the lumpenproletariat.

Etymology 2[edit]

From lump +‎ -en (adjectival suffix).

Adjective[edit]

lumpen (not comparable)

  1. Lump-like.
    • 1968, Stanley Kubrick, Playboy magazine interview, September 1968, page 94:
      [About prominent critics lambasting his film 2001:] New York was the only really hostile city. Perhaps there is a certain element of the lumpen literati that is so dogmatically atheist and materialist and Earth-bound that it finds the grandeur of space and the myriad mysteries of cosmic intelligence anathema.
    • 2000, Joanne Morra, Mark Robson, & Marquard Smith, The Limits of Death: Between Philosophy and Psychoanalysis, →ISBN, page 72:
      This something, which is neither body nor machine but interior and alien to them both, pertains to the 'meat' in Gibson's world insofar as the 'meat' - that useless corporeal remainder discarded by the machine - retains an excess that cannot be reduced to the lumpen mass of fleshy existence.
    • 2001, Adrian Beard, Texts and Contexts: Introducing Literature and Language Study, →ISBN:
      Using the last two as an example, there is a constant sense of contrast in the poem, in this case between the streamlined ship which will surge through the water and the mere lumpen shape of the clumsy iceberg.
    • 2003, Dana Stabenow, A Grave Denied, →ISBN, page 17:
      Billy and Dandy had draped a tarp over the body but the shape itself looked lumpen and grotesque.
    • 2020 August 7, Jonathan Liew, “Phil Foden stars to offer Manchester City glimpse of multiple futures”, in The Guardian[1]:
      a slaloming winger putting lumpen defenders on their backsides, or even a sneaky centre-forward, using his boundless energy to lead the press and force mistakes.

Etymology 3[edit]

From lump +‎ -en (verbal suffix).

Verb[edit]

lumpen (third-person singular simple present lumpens, present participle lumpening, simple past and past participle lumpened)

  1. (rare, transitive, intransitive) To make or become like lumps; make or become lumpy
    • 1959, Harold Uriel Ribalow, The chosen, page 298:
      They had chicken soup with the matzo meal balls a little lumpened by hurry, challah, roast chicken, kasha, honey-cake.

Anagrams[edit]


Old English[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Verb[edit]

lumpen

  1. past participle of limpan

Spanish[edit]

Noun[edit]

lumpen m (plural lúmpenes)

  1. underclass, hoi polloi

Further reading[edit]


Swedish[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From German Lumpen (cloth, rag)

Pronunciation[edit]

IPA(key): [ˈlɵ́mpɛ̀n]

Noun[edit]

lumpen c

  1. (informal) military service
    göra lumpento do military service
    ligga i lumpento do military service
    Synonym: militärtjänstgöring

See also[edit]