Definition from Wiktionary, the free dictionary
See also: Metonym
metonym (plural metonyms)
- (grammar) A word that names an object from a single characteristic of it or of a closely related object; a word used in metonymy.
1891 September 1, William Minto, “Practical talks on writing English”, in Theodor Flood, editor, The Chautauquan, volume 13, OCLC 752442901, pages 279–280:
- ...to say that "New York was thrown into a state of great excitement," when we mean the inhabitants of New York, is technically to use the metonym of putting "the container for the thing contained."
- (by extension) A concept, idea, or word used to represent, typify, or stand in for a broader set of ideas.
2011, Geraldine Lawless, Modernity's Metonyms: Figuring Time in Nineteenth-century Spanish Stories, Lewisburg, PA: Bucknell University Press, ISBN 1611480477, page 155:
- Chapter 1, using the railway as a metonym, explored the relationship between past and present, and argued that diachronic, or historical, time was dissolved in the proliferation of present moments, or synchronic time.
- synecdoche (use in rhetoric)
word that names an object from a single characteristic of it