nedēļa

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Latvian[edit]

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 Nedēļa on Latvian Wikipedia

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Nedēļa (1)

Alternative forms[edit]

Etymology[edit]

A borrowing from Old East Slavic недѣлꙗ ‎(nedělja, holiday, week) (cf. Russian неделя ‎(nedélja)); the same Old East Slavic word was borrowed by other local languages (cf. Estonian nädal, Livonian nädíl, Latgalian nedeļa). The original Slavic meaning was “non-working day” (cf. Russian делать ‎(délatʹ) “to do”). Given its form, the word was probably borrowed before the 13th century, even though its first occurrences, already in its modern form, are in 17th-century dictionaries.[1]

Pronunciation[edit]

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Noun[edit]

nedēļa f (4th declension)

  1. week (seven-day period from Monday to Sunday)
    katru nedēļu — every week
    divas reizes nedēļā — twice a week
    pagājušajā nedēļā — last week
    smaga darba nedēļa — a heavy work week
    nedēļas avīzeweekly newspaper
    nedēļas tirgusweekly market
    Kalvics jau nedēļas sākumā papļāva drusku siena — at the beginning of the week, Kalvics was already mowing some hay
  2. week (any seven-day period, regardless of its beginning or end)
    jau nedēļu neesmu tur bijis — I haven't been there for a week
    nedēļu ilgs atvaļinājums — a one-week vacation
    viņa paauklēja uz rokām bērniņu, kurš bija ļoti sīciņš, varbūt vēl tik dažas nedēļas vecs — she was nursing a baby that was really very small, maybe only a couple of weeks old
  3. (dated, only plural) post-partum, post-natal period
    Annai uznāca nedēļas — Anna is in (her) post-partum period

Declension[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Karulis, Konstantīns (1992), “nedēļa”, in Latviešu Etimoloģijas Vārdnīca (in Latvian), Rīga: AVOTS, ISBN 9984-700-12-7