nedēļa

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Latvian[edit]

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 nedēļa on Latvian Wikipedia
Nedēļa (1)

Alternative forms[edit]

Etymology[edit]

A borrowing from Old East Slavic недѣлꙗ (nedělja, holiday, week) (cf. Russian неделя (nedélja)); the same Old East Slavic word was borrowed by other local languages (cf. Estonian nädal, Livonian nädíl, Latgalian nedeļa). The original Slavic meaning was “non-working day” (cf. Russian делать (délatʹ) “to do”). Given its form, the word was probably borrowed before the 13th century, even though its first occurrences, already in its modern form, are in 17th-century dictionaries.[1]

Pronunciation[edit]

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Noun[edit]

nedēļa f (4th declension)

  1. week (seven-day period from Monday to Sunday)
    katru nedēļu‎ ― every week
    divas reizes nedēļā‎ ― twice a week
    pagājušajā nedēļā‎ ― last week
    smaga darba nedēļa‎ ― a heavy work week
    nedēļas avīze‎ ― weekly newspaper
    nedēļas tirgus‎ ― weekly market
    Kalvics jau nedēļas sākumā papļāva drusku siena‎ ― at the beginning of the week, Kalvics was already mowing some hay
  2. week (any seven-day period, regardless of its beginning or end)
    jau nedēļu neesmu tur bijis‎ ― I haven't been there for a week
    nedēļu ilgs atvaļinājums‎ ― a one-week vacation
    viņa paauklēja uz rokām bērniņu, kurš bija ļoti sīciņš, varbūt vēl tik dažas nedēļas vecs‎ ― she was nursing a baby that was really very small, maybe only a couple of weeks old
  3. (dated sense, only plural) post-partum, post-natal period
    Annai uznāca nedēļas‎ ― Anna is in (her) post-partum period

Declension[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Karulis, Konstantīns (1992), “nedēļa”, in Latviešu Etimoloģijas Vārdnīca (in Latvian), Rīga: AVOTS, ISBN 9984-700-12-7