From Middle French nomade, from Latin Nomas (genitive Nomadis (“wandering shepherd”)), from Ancient Greek νομάς (nomás, “roaming, roving, wandering (to find pastures for flocks or herds)”), from Ancient Greek νομός (nomós, “pasture”). Compare Numidia.
nomad (plural nomads)
- A member of a group of people who, having no fixed home, move around seasonally in search of food, water and grazing etc.
2013 July-August, Henry Petroski, “Geothermal Energy”, in American Scientist, volume 101, number 4:
- Energy has seldom been found where we need it when we want it. Ancient nomads, wishing to ward off the evening chill and enjoy a meal around a campfire, had to collect wood and then spend time and effort coaxing the heat of friction out from between sticks to kindle a flame. With more settled people, animals were harnessed to capstans or caged in treadmills to turn grist into meal.
- A wanderer.
- One who changes their place of living frequently.
- (sports) A player who is traded around, playing for many different teams.
nòmād m (Cyrillic spelling но̀ма̄д)