ojciec

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See also: ôjciec

Polish[edit]

Polish Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia pl

Alternative forms[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Inherited from Old Polish ociec (genitive oćca > Polish ojca) The additional j in the nominative is by analogy with the oblique stem.[1][2]

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

ojciec m pers (diminutive ojczulek, augmentative ojczysko, abbreviation o. or oo.)

  1. father (human male who begets a child)
    Synonyms: rodzic, rodziciel, papa, staruszek, stary, tata, zgred
  2. father (animal male that begets a child)
  3. (figurative) father (person who instigates something)
    Synonym: twórca
  4. (Christianity) father (member of a church council)
  5. (Christianity) term of address for a priest; father
    Synonyms: see Thesaurus:ksiądz
  6. term of address for a man; father
  7. (chiefly in the plural) father (ancestory)
  8. (obsolete, endearing) protector
    Synonym: opiekun
  9. (obsolete, pr, dialectal, in the plural) parents
    Synonym: rodzice
  10. (obsolete, games) type of party game
  11. (obsolete, theater) great actor
  12. (obsolete) starost
    Synonym: starosta
  13. (Middle Polish) hermit
    Synonym: pustelnik
  14. (Middle Polish, Christianity) father (the Pope)
    Synonym: papież
  15. (Middle Polish, Christianity) patron
    Synonym: patron
  16. (Middle Polish, theology) scholar, theological writer (expert in the history of the Church and religion)
  17. (Middle Polish) father; Further details are uncertain.
    • 1551, S. Murzynowski, Ortografija polska[1], page Bv:
      Krotkié wymawiáimy i piſzmy wſłowach/ ociec/ wniebie/ mói i twói
    • 1594, J. Januszowski, Nowy karakter[2], page F3v:
      iáko oyćiec od oycá, nie oćiec.

Declension[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

adjectives
interjection
proverb
nouns
phrase

Trivia[edit]

According to Słownik frekwencyjny polszczyzny współczesnej (1990), ojciec is one of the most used words in Polish, appearing 17 times in scientific texts, 13 times in news, 5 times in essays, 87 times in fiction, and 116 times in plays, each out of a corpus of 100,000 words, totaling 238 times, making it the 229th most common word in a corpus of 500,000 words.[3]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Boryś, Wiesław (2005), “ojciec”, in Słownik etymologiczny języka polskiego (in Polish), Kraków: Wydawnictwo Literackie, →ISBN
  2. ^ Bańkowski, Andrzej (2000), “ociec”, in Etymologiczny słownik języka polskiego [Etymological Dictionary of the Polish Language] (in Polish)
  3. ^ Ida Kurcz (1990), “ojciec”, in Słownik frekwencyjny polszczyzny współczesnej [Frequency dictionary of the Polish language] (in Polish), volume 1, Kraków; Warszawa: Polska Akademia Nauk. Instytut Języka Polskiego, page 328

Further reading[edit]