pareizs

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Latvian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Derived from the borrowed term reize (time), originally in the combination pa reizi ((arranged) in order) (reizi being here an older dative, corresponding to modern reizei) and then later as a single adverb pareizi, from which an adjective form pareizīgs was formed in the 1860s-1870s, reduced by the turn of the century to pareizs. The original meaning “in order” changed to “(well) organized,” from which it became “right, correct,” replacing the earlier Germanic borrowing riktīgs.[1]

Pronunciation[edit]

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Adjective[edit]

pareizs (definite pareizais, comparative pareizāks, superlative vispareizākais, adverb pareizi)

  1. precise, exact, correct, accurate (done without errors or mistakes)
    pareizs dokumenta norakstsaccurate copy of a document
    pareiza tilta konstrukcijaaccurate bridge construction (design)
    pareizs izskaitļojumsprecise calculation
    pareizs laiksaccurate, precise time
    pareiza naudaexcact money, change
    taisni uz to jau viņi rēķināja, un rēķins izrādījās pareizsthey were expecting precisely that, and their expectation turned out to be correct
  2. correct, right, adequate (in agreement with reality, with science, with practical knowledge; in agreement with one's wishes or goals)
    pareiza informācijacorrect information
    pareiza izpratnecorrect understanding
    pareizs spriedumscorrect judgment
    vajadzētu kaut kā ik dienas piegādāt mums pareizas ziņas par stāvokli frontē, citādi nezinām, ko teiktit would be necessary to supply us somehow with correct news about the situation in the front, or else we won't know what to say
    audzējot zemenes, svarīgi izvēlēties pareizas šķirneswhen cultivating strawberries, it is important to select the right varieties
  3. correct, right, proper, appropriate (in agreement with existing rules, norms, requirements)
    pareiza tehnoloģijaappropriate technology
    pareizas proporcijascorrect proportions
    pareiza stājaproper posture
    pareiza vārda izrunacorrect word pronunciation
    viņš uzskata - aktierim arī ārpus teātra jārunā pareizihe believes (that) an actor must speak properly, correctly also outside of the theater
  4. used adverbially to confirm or reinforce what was said: right! exactly! precisely!
    a, pareizi!ah, right!
    pareizāk sakotspeaking more accurately, to put it more acurately, rather
    vai tad Rīgā darba trūkst? pareizi?so there is lack/shortage of work in Riga? (is that) right?
    “turpiniet uzdevumu!” direktors atkārtoja... “uzdevums nemaz nav iesākts”, Zigis nomurmināja... “pareizi, pilnīgi pareizi! nāciet pie tāfeles”“continue the task!” the director repeated... “the task hasn't even been started yet,” Zigis muttered... “right! absolutely right! come to the blackboard”

Declension[edit]

Synonyms[edit]

Antonyms[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Karulis, Konstantīns (1992), “pareizs”, in Latviešu Etimoloģijas Vārdnīca (in Latvian), Rīga: AVOTS, ISBN 9984-700-12-7