Borrowed from French penchant, present participle of pencher (“to tilt, to lean”), from Middle French, from Old French pengier (“to tilt, be out of line”), from Vulgar Latin *pendicāre, a derivative of Latin pendere (“to hang”).
- (UK) IPA(key): /ˈpɒnʃɒn/, [ˈpɑ̃ʃɑ̃]
Audio (RP) (file)
- (US) IPA(key): /ˈpɛnt͡ʃənt/
- Rhymes: -ɒnʃɒn, -ɛntʃənt
- Taste, liking, or inclination (for).
- He has a penchant for fine wine.
- 1834, L[etitia] E[lizabeth] L[andon], Francesca Carrara. […], volume I, London: Richard Bentley, […], (successor to Henry Colburn), OCLC 630079698, page 264:
- Marie even then began the course which, in after-years, secured her so vast an influence in the court,—alternately taking up and laying down her claim to the youthful monarch's penchant; administering to his amusement, and ready to encourage his passing fancies.
- 1960 October, “New reading on railways”, in Trains Illustrated, page 640:
- THE LONDON & NORTH WESTERN RAILWAY. By O. S. Nock. Ian Allan. 30s.
[...] One scarcely imagined, for example, that the great steel works at Crewe owed its existence to Sir Richard Moon's penchant for the principle of "Do it yourself", a principle born of a methodical, economical and far-seeing mind.
- 2019, Idles, "Never Fight a Man With a Perm", Joy as an Act of Resistance.
- I said I've got a penchant for smokes and kicking douches in the mouth / Sadly for you my last cigarette's gone out
- 2021 September 22, Stephen Roberts, “The writings on the wall...”, in RAIL, number 940, page 74:
- Just like Marple, there's a plaque at the London terminus [Paddington] commemorating a fictional character - a polite, friendly little bear from darkest Peru who has a penchant for marmalade sarnies.
- (card games, uncountable) A card game resembling bezique.
- (card games) In the game of penchant, any queen and jack of different suits held at the same time.
penchant m (plural penchants)