peser

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French[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Middle French peser, from Old French peser, from Vulgar Latin *pēsāre, from Classical Latin pēnsāre, present active indicative of pēnsō. Compare also penser, a borrowed doublet.

Pronunciation[edit]

Verb[edit]

peser

  1. (intransitive) to weigh (to have a weight of)
    Je pèse 80 kilos
    I weigh 80 kilos
    1. (computing, intransitive) of a file, to have a given size
    Les pièces jointes doivent peser moins de 8 Mo.
    Attachments must be under 8 megabytes.
  2. (transitive) To weigh (to see how much something weighs)
    Il faut peser les abricots
    You must weigh the apricots
  3. to burden, weigh down
    Ça lui pèse.
    That weighs on his mind.

Conjugation[edit]

This verb is conjugated mostly like the regular -er verbs (parler and chanter and so on), but the -e- /ə/ of the second-to-last syllable becomes -è- /ɛ/ when the next vowel is a silent or schwa -e-. For example, in the third-person singular present indicative, we have il pèse rather than *il pese. Other verbs conjugated this way include lever and mener. Related but distinct conjugations include those of appeler and préférer.

Derived terms[edit]

Related terms[edit]

Further reading[edit]

Anagrams[edit]


Middle French[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Old French peser, see below.

Verb[edit]

peser

  1. (transitive) to weigh (ascertain the weight of)
  2. (intransitive) to weigh (have a given weight)

Conjugation[edit]

  • Middle French conjugation varies from one text to another. Hence, the following conjugation should be considered as typical, not as exhaustive.

Derived terms[edit]

Descendants[edit]

  • French: peser

References[edit]

  • peser on Dictionnaire du Moyen Français (1330–1500) (in French)
  • Godefroy, Frédéric, Dictionnaire de l'ancienne langue française et de tous ses dialectes du IXe au XVe siècle (1881) (peser, supplement)

Old French[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From the Vulgar Latin *pēsāre, from Classical Latin pēnsāre, present active indicative of pēnsō. Compare also the borrowing penser.

Verb[edit]

peser

  1. to weigh (have a certain weight)
  2. (figuratively) to be a burden or a worry

Conjugation[edit]

This verb conjugates as a first-group verb ending in -er. The forms that would normally end in *-ss, *-st are modified to s, st. This verb has a stressed present stem pois distinct from the unstressed stem pes. Old French conjugation varies significantly by date and by region. The following conjugation should be treated as a guide.

Related terms[edit]

Descendants[edit]