plebs

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English[edit]

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Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

plebs

  1. plural of pleb
  2. The common people, as a whole, or as a group.

Synonyms[edit]

Translations[edit]


Latin[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Old Latin plēbēs, from Proto-Italic *plēðūs (whence Oscan 𐌐𐌋𐌝𐌚𐌓𐌉𐌊𐌔 ‎(plífriks, plebeian, nom. sg.) via *plēðros), from Proto-Indo-European *pléh₁dʰuh₁ (whence Ancient Greek πληθῡ́ς ‎(plēthū́s, crowd)) from *pleh₁- ‎(fill), whence pleō. See also populus.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

plēbs f ‎(genitive plēbis); third declension

  1. (countable and uncountable) plebeians, common people

Inflection[edit]

Third declension.

Case Singular Plural
nominative plēbs plēbēs
genitive plēbis plēbum
dative plēbī plēbibus
accusative plēbem plēbēs
ablative plēbe plēbibus
vocative plēbs plēbēs

Descendants[edit]

References[edit]

  • plebs” in Charlton T. Lewis & Charles Short, A Latin Dictionary, Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1879.
  • plebs” in Félix Gaffiot (1934), Dictionnaire Illustré Latin-Français, Paris: Hachette.
  • Meissner, Carl; Auden, Henry William (1894) Latin Phrase-Book[1], London: Macmillan and Co.
    • one of the people: homo plebeius, de plebe
    • to get oneself admitted as a plebeian: traduci ad plebem (Att. 1. 18. 4)
    • to transfer oneself from the patrician to the plebeian order: transitio ad plebem (Brut. 16. 62)
    • to transfer oneself from the patrician to the plebeian order: traductio ad plebem
    • to stir up the lower classes: plebem concitare, sollicitare
    • to hold the people in one's power, in check: plebem continere
    • (ambiguous) the dregs of the people: faex populi, plebis, civitatis
    • (ambiguous) a demagogue, agitator: plebis dux, vulgi turbator, civis turbulentus, civis rerum novarum cupidus
    • (ambiguous) the plebeian tribunes, whose persons are inviolable: tribuni plebis sacrosancti (Liv. 3. 19. 10)
    • (ambiguous) to appeal to the plebeian tribunes against a praetor's decision: appellare tribunos plebis (in aliqua re a praetore) (Liv. 2. 55)