runāt

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See also: run at

Latvian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From the same stem as the noun runa (talk, speech) (q.v.), made into a 2nd conjugation verb.[1]

Pronunciation[edit]

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Verb[edit]

runāt tr. or intr., 2nd conj., pres. runāju, runā, runā, past runāju

  1. to speak, to talk (to express oneself with language)
    jautri runātto talk merrily, cheerfully
    dedzīgi runātto talk eagerly, fierily
    runāt mierīgito speak calmly, quietly
    runāt skaidri, klusito speak clearly, softly
    runāt pa telefonuto speak on the telephone
    es sāku runātI began to talk
    mācīt bērnu runātto teach a child to speak
  2. to speak in a certain language
    runāt latviski, franciskito speak Latvian, French
  3. to tell, to speak, to pronounce
    runāt taisnībuto tell the truth
    runāt glaimusto speak flatteries
    runāt melusto tell lies
    runāt dedzīgus vārdusto speak, pronounce eager, enthusiastic words
    nav ko runātthere is nothing to talk (about)
    tēvs ir grūtu mūžu nodzīvojis, un viņš niekus nerunāsfather has lived a difficult life, he won't speak nonsense
    Nora prot izteiksmīgi runāt dzejoļusNora can say, read poems eloquently
  4. to talk (to someone), to converse, to communicate orally (with someone)
    runāt savā starpāto talk to each other
    runāt ar drauguto talk to a friend
    plašā apkārtnē par kāzām runāja rītā un vakarā(people from) all around talked day and night about the weading
    pie tēva atnāca zvejas biedrs, viņi runāja, ka vajadzētu iemest vakar izžautos tīklusa fellow fisherman came to father, they talked (about the fact) that it would be necessary to throw the net that had been hung out
  5. to talk, to say, to speak, to express (e.g., writing, a work of art)
    A. Upīts savā lugā bija pateicis kaut ko tādu, par ko līdz tam nebija runājuši latviešu dramaturgiA. Upīts had said in his play something about which Latvian playwrights had not talked until then
    ir neliela dziesmu grupa, kas runā par draudzīgām attieksmēm ar poļiem, leišiem, igauņiemthere is a small group of songs that speak of friendly attitudes towards the Poles, the Lithuanians, the Estonians
    krāsām uz audekla jārunā pašām, jārunā tā, lai nosaukums kļūst lieksthe colors on the canvass must speak by themselves, they must speak in such a way that the name becomes unnecessary
  6. (in the 3rd person) to talk, to speak, to say (to provide information; to be such that one can get or deduce information from it)
    aktrise spēlē arī klusējot; viņas klusums ir sprieguma pilns, jo uz skatītāju runā acu izteiksme, sejas vaibsti, rokas un augumsan actress plays also in silence; her silence is full of tension, because her eye expression, her facial features, her hand and posture speak to the viewers
    izskaidrot, kas īsti te noticis, nebija laika, bet tas nemaz nebija vajadzīgs: Makša izskats runāja pats par sevithere was no time to explain what had really happened here, but this wasn't necessary: Makšs' appearance spoke by itself

Conjugation[edit]

Synonyms[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

prefixed verbs:
other derived terms:

Related terms[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Karulis, Konstantīns (1992), “runāt”, in Latviešu Etimoloģijas Vārdnīca (in Latvian), Rīga: AVOTS, ISBN 9984-700-12-7