scheef

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Dutch[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

  • Rhymes: -eːf
  • IPA(key): /sxeːf/
  • (file)
  • (file)

Etymology 1[edit]

From Middle Dutch scheyff, from Proto-Germanic *skaibaz ‘crooked, askew’, from Proto-Indo-European *skeh₂iwo- (compare Latin scaevus (left, clumsy), Ancient Greek σκαιός (skaiós, rude; brusque), Latvian šķìbs (crooked)).[1] Cognate with German schief, Old English *sc(e)āf (in scāffōt (splay-footed)), Swedish skev.

Adjective[edit]

scheef (comparative schever, superlative scheefst)

  1. crooked, not level or straight
    Synonym: schuin
  2. (informal) weird, not right
Inflection[edit]
Inflection of scheef
uninflected scheef
inflected scheve
comparative schever
positive comparative superlative
predicative/adverbial scheef schever het scheefst
het scheefste
indefinite m./f. sing. scheve schevere scheefste
n. sing. scheef schever scheefste
plural scheve schevere scheefste
definite scheve schevere scheefste
partitive scheefs schevers
Descendants[edit]
  • Negerhollands: skeef
  • Papiamentu: scheef (dated)

References[edit]

  1. ^ Philippa, Marlies; Debrabandere, Frans; Quak, Arend; Schoonheim, Tanneke; van der Sijs, Nicoline (2003–2009), “scheef1”, in Etymologisch woordenboek van het Nederlands (in Dutch), Amsterdam: Amsterdam University Press

Etymology 2[edit]

From Middle Dutch scēve, from Proto-Germanic *skibō-; cognate with Low German Schääv, German Schäbe, and English shive, all ‘fragment of the woody core of flax or hemp’.[1]

Noun[edit]

scheef f (plural scheven, diminutive scheefje n)

  1. (textiles) shive, i.e. fragment of the woody core of flax or hemp
    Synonym: leem

References[edit]

  1. ^ Philippa, Marlies; Debrabandere, Frans; Quak, Arend; Schoonheim, Tanneke; van der Sijs, Nicoline (2003–2009), “schijf”, in Etymologisch woordenboek van het Nederlands (in Dutch), Amsterdam: Amsterdam University Press

Middle English[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Old English sċēaf.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

scheef (plural scheves or schefes)

  1. A sheaf (a grain bundle)
  2. A sheaf as part of a paying in kind of tax.
  3. A group of arrows or the container they belong in.
  4. A specified amount of steel or glass used as a measurement.
  5. (rare) A bunch of any other kind of agricultural produce.
  6. (rare) A bunch of any other small, long item.

Descendants[edit]

References[edit]


Plautdietsch[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Middle Low German schêf, from Old Saxon *skêf, from Proto-Germanic *skaibaz (crooked), of disputed ultimate origin. Perhaps from the same source as *skeuhaz (frightened, shy).[1] Another possibility is Proto-Indo-European *skeh₂iwos, the source of Latin scaevus (on the left side).[2] See also Swedish skev, Dutch scheef, German schief.

Adjective[edit]

scheef

  1. aslant, askew, oblique, sloping, slanting

References[edit]

  1. ^ Douglas Harper (2001–2021), “skew”, in Online Etymology Dictionary.
  2. ^ van der Sijs, Nicoline, editor (2010), “scheef”, in Etymologiebank, Meertens Institute