Definition from Wiktionary, the free dictionary
Jump to: navigation, search



This word results from the merging of two different lines: (a) a derivation from the same stem as skaidrs ‎(clear) (q.v.): *skaid-tas > *skaistas > skaists; the older “clear, pure” meaning can be found in examples up to the beginning of the 19th century; and (b) the past participle of kaist ‎(to be hot, to glow), with an extra initial s from a former reflexive marker (compare apskaisties ‎(to get angry) from ap-s-kaist-ies). The meaning probably changed as follows: “warm, hot, heated” > “red, flushed” > “bright, attractive, beautiful.” The older “red, flushed” meaning can be found in older sources and in folk tales (skaistiem vaigiem “with flushed cheeks”). Cognates include Lithuanian skaistùs, dialectal skáistas ‎(bright, light, clear, glittering, sparkling, beautiful, pure, chaste).[1]


Headset icon.svg This entry needs audio files. If you have a microphone, please record some and upload them. (For audio required quickly, visit WT:APR.)


skaists (def. skaistais, comp. skaistāks, sup. visskaistākais; adv. skaisti)

  1. beautiful (having beauty; corresponding to certain aesthetic ideals, provoking certain aesthetic feelings)
    skaista mūzika, glezna‎ ― beautiful music, painting
    skaists stāsts‎ ― beautiful story
    skaista seja, balss‎ ― beautiful face, voice
    skaists dārzs‎ ― beautiful garden
    skaists (vājais, daiļais) dzimums‎ ― the beautiful (weak, graceful) sex (i.e., women)
  2. beautiful, pleasant (which causes, gives pleasure)
    skaistas atmiņas‎ ― beautiful memories
    skaisti apsveikuma vārdi‎ ― beautiful words of greeting
    skaists laiks, rīts‎ ― beautiful weather, morning
  3. beautiful, good (having good moral value, being socially useful)
    skaista dvēsele‎ ― beautiful soul
    skaistas domas‎ ― beautiful thoughts
    skaista rīcība‎ ― beautiful action
    skaisti nodzīvots mūžs‎ ― a beautifully lived life
  4. (of animals, plants) beautiful, good (well kept, having desirable characteristics, e.g., for breeding)
    skaists suns‎ ― beautiful dog
    skaisti kartupeļi‎ ― beautiful potatoes




Derived terms[edit]


  1. ^ Karulis, Konstantīns. 1992, 2001. Latviešu etimoloģijas vārdnīca. Rīga: AVOTS. ISBN 9984700127.