spät

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See also: spat, Spat, spaț, spať, spát, şpat, and ṣpät

German[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Old High German spāti. Cognate with archaic Dutch spade ‎(late).

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): /ʃpɛːt/ (standard; used naturally in western Germany and Switzerland)
  • IPA(key): /ʃpeːt/ (overall more common; particularly northern and eastern regions)
  • Rhymes: -ɛːt, -eːt
  • (file)
  • (file)

Adjective[edit]

spät ‎(comparative später, superlative am spätesten)

  1. late

Usage notes[edit]

  • The English phrase “I'm late” cannot be translated into German literally (*Ich bin spät). Colloquial German allows: Ich bin zu spät, but more formally correct versions are: Ich komme zu spät, or: Ich bin verspätet.
  • The phrase Ich bin spät dran implies slight lateness, or may mean that one was delayed but might still manage to arrive on time.

Declension[edit]

Antonyms[edit]

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Compounds[edit]

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