sverta

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Icelandic[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

From Proto-Germanic *swartijaną, derived from *swartaz (black) (whence Icelandic svartur).

Verb[edit]

sverta (weak verb, third-person singular past indicative sverti, supine svert)

  1. to black, to blacken, to color black
    Á égsverta skóna þína?
    Shall I blacken your shoes?
  2. to blacken, sully (reputation, etc.)
    Hún sverti mannorð hans.
    She sullied his reputation.
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Etymology 2[edit]

From Proto-Germanic *swartijǭ (whence also German Schwärze), derived from *swartaz (black) (whence Icelandic svartur).

Noun[edit]

sverta f (genitive singular svertu, nominative plural svertur)

  1. (uncountable) a black colorant, especially shoe polish and ink (in printing)
  2. (uncountable) black smudges, spots, etc.
  3. (uncountable, figuratively) a black spot (on someone’s reputation)
  4. (uncountable) blackness
  5. (obsolete) An appellation for a fox.
  6. (countable, lichenology) One of several species of lichenized fungi in the genus Verrucaria and related genera within the family Verrucariaceae.
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