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For *torcmentum, from torqueō (twist, bend, wind)



tormentum n (genitive tormentī); second declension

  1. an engine for hurling missiles; a shot or missile thrown by this
  2. a (twisted) cord or rope
  3. an instrument of torture
  4. torture, anguish, pain, torment
  5. a clothes press, mangle
  6. (New Latin) gun, cannon


Second declension.

Case Singular Plural
nominative tormentum tormenta
genitive tormentī tormentōrum
dative tormentō tormentīs
accusative tormentum tormenta
ablative tormentō tormentīs
vocative tormentum tormenta

Derived terms[edit]

Related terms[edit]



  • tormentum in Charlton T. Lewis and Charles Short (1879) A Latin Dictionary, Oxford: Clarendon Press
  • tormentum in Charlton T. Lewis (1891) An Elementary Latin Dictionary, New York: Harper & Brothers
  • du Cange, Charles (1883), “tormentum”, in G. A. Louis Henschel, Pierre Carpentier, Léopold Favre, editors, Glossarium Mediæ et Infimæ Latinitatis (in Latin), Niort: L. Favre
  • tormentum” in Félix Gaffiot’s Dictionnaire Illustré Latin-Français, Hachette (1934)
  • Carl Meissner; Henry William Auden (1894) Latin Phrase-Book[1], London: Macmillan and Co.
    • to threaten some one with death, crucifixion, torture, war: minitari (minari) alicui mortem, crucem et tormenta, bellum
    • to have a person tortured: alicui admovere tormenta
    • to have a person tortured: quaerere tormentis de aliquo
    • the pains of torture: cruciatūs tormentorum
    • to rain missiles on a town, bombard it: oppidum tormentis verberare
  • tormentum in Harry Thurston Peck, editor (1898) Harper's Dictionary of Classical Antiquities, New York: Harper & Brothers
  • tormentum in William Smith et al., editor (1890) A Dictionary of Greek and Roman Antiquities, London: William Wayte. G. E. Marindin