umbo

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See also: ụm bò

English[edit]

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Etymology[edit]

Borrowed from Latin umbo

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

umbo (plural umbones or umbos or umboes)

  1. (biology) A boss, or rounded elevation, or a corresponding depression, in a palate, disk, or membrane. For example the umbo in the integument of the larvæ of echinoderms or in the tympanic membrane of the ear.
  2. (zoology) One of the lateral prominence just above the hinge of a bivalve shell.
  3. (mycology) A bump or protrusion on the top of the cap.
  4. (historical) The boss of a shield, at or near the middle, and usually projecting, sometimes in a sharp spike.

Derived terms[edit]

See also[edit]


Latin[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Indo-European *h₃m̥bʰ-.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

umbō f (genitive umbōnis); third declension

  1. boss (of a shield etc.)
  2. elbow (or similar projecting part)

Declension[edit]

Third declension.

Case Singular Plural
nominative umbō umbōnēs
genitive umbōnis umbōnum
dative umbōnī umbōnibus
accusative umbōnem umbōnēs
ablative umbōne umbōnibus
vocative umbō umbōnēs

Descendants[edit]

References[edit]

  • umbo in Charlton T. Lewis and Charles Short (1879) A Latin Dictionary, Oxford: Clarendon Press
  • umbo in Charlton T. Lewis (1891) An Elementary Latin Dictionary, New York: Harper & Brothers
  • umbo” in Félix Gaffiot’s Dictionnaire Illustré Latin-Français, Hachette (1934)
  • umbo in Harry Thurston Peck, editor (1898) Harper's Dictionary of Classical Antiquities, New York: Harper & Brothers
  • umbo in William Smith et al., editor (1890) A Dictionary of Greek and Roman Antiquities, London: William Wayte. G. E. Marindin

Swahili[edit]

Noun[edit]

umbo (ma class, plural maumbo)

  1. shape (appearance or outline)


This Swahili entry was created from the translations listed at shape. It may be less reliable than other entries, and may be missing parts of speech or additional senses. Please also see umbo in the Swahili Wiktionary. This notice will be removed when the entry is checked. (more information) July 2009