vēss

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Latvian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Baltic *wēsus, *wēsas, from Proto-Indo-European *wē- (to blow, to breathe) (with an extra element -s), whence also Latvian vējš (wind). Cognates include Lithuanian vėsùs, and possibly Sanskrit वासः (vāsaḥ, smell), Dutch waas (haze, mist; film).[1]

Pronunciation[edit]

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Adjective[edit]

vēss (def. vēsais, comp. vēsāks, sup. visvēsākais; adv. vēsi)

  1. cool, cold (having a moderately low temperature)
    vēss jūras vējš‎ ― cool sea breeze
    vēsa rasa‎ ― cool dew
    dzert vēsu pienu‎ ― to drink cold (lit. cool) milk
    vēss pavasaris‎ ― cool spring
    vēss rīts‎ ― cool morning
    septembris atnāca vēss un lietains‎ ― September came cool and rainy
    vēss klimats‎ ― cool climate
  2. cool, cold (relating to relatively low body temperature, to the feelings caused by relatively low temperature)
    pār muguru skrien vēsas tirpas‎ ― over (his) back ran a cool tingling
    Zintrai kļuva vēsi, un viņa piesēdās man tuvāk‎ ― Zintra felt cold (lit. cool), and she sat closer to me
  3. (of colors) cool (reflecting the feeling of cold, cool surroundings)
    saulainu telpu var krāsot arī vēsākā, atturīgākā tonī, piemēram, zilganzaļu‎ ― a sunny room can be painted also in a cooler, more restrained tone, for example, greenish-blue
  4. (of people, their behavior) cold, cool (not expressing their feelings or thoughts easily; taciturn, reticent)
    vēss smaids‎ ― cold smile
    vēsa balss‎ ― cold voice
    vēsas acis‎ ― cold eyes
    vēsi vārdi‎ ― cold words
    vēsas attiecības‎ ― cold relations
    jo ilgāk viņa strādāja, jo vēsāka un racionālāka tapa‎ ― the longer she worked, the colder and more rational she became

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References[edit]

  1. ^ Karulis, Konstantīns (1992), “vēss”, in Latviešu Etimoloģijas Vārdnīca (in Latvian), Rīga: AVOTS, ISBN 9984-700-12-7