auksts

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Latvian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Alteration of austs ‘cooled’, past participle of dialectal aũsīt, aũsēt ‘to cool off, down’, ausināt (to cool off hot food, with a spoon) (compare Lithuanian áušti (to cool down)), from Proto-Indo-European *h₃eug- (compare Latin autumnus, Old Irish úacht, Old Armenian ոյծ (oyc)). The -k- may be due to contamination with obsolete aukt (to be cool, cold), sporadically attested in 18th-century sources.[1]

Pronunciation[edit]

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Adjective[edit]

auksts (definite aukstais, comparative aukstāks, superlative visaukstākais, adverb auksti)

  1. cold (an object or substance that has a relatively low temperature)
    auksts rokacold hands
    auksts ūdenscold water
    auksta tējacold tea
    ēdiens ir jau aukststhe food is already cold
    auksts kā leduscold as ice
    aukstais karšthe cold war
  2. cold (weather, air temperature during a certain period of time)
    auksts rudens, pavasarisa cold autumn/fall, spring
    auksts rītsa cold morning
    kļūst aukstsit is getting cold
    šodien ir ļoti aukststoday it is very cold
  3. associated with the feeling or sensation of cold
    gājējam kļūst aukstithe passer-by/pedestrian got cold
    auksti drebuļicold shivers, chills
    aukstas trīsasa cold thrill
    man auksts pārskrēja pār visu mugurua cold (chill) ran through my spine, back
  4. food which is to be eaten cold
    aukstie ēdieni, uzkodascold food, appetizers
    aukstais galdscold table (= table with cold food)
  5. (figuratively) cold (one who does not care about the feelings of others; insensitive, rude)
    auksts prāta cilvēksa cold-minded person
  6. (figuratively) cold (of a gesture or behavior typical of an insensitive or rude person)
    auksts skatiens, smaidsa cold look, smile
    auksta uzņemšanaa cold reception

Declension[edit]

Synonyms[edit]

Antonyms[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Karulis, Konstantīns (1992), “auksts”, in Latviešu Etimoloģijas Vārdnīca (in Latvian), Rīga: AVOTS, ISBN 9984-700-12-7