verstaan

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Afrikaans[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Dutch verstaan.

Verb[edit]

verstaan ‎(present verstaan, present participle verstanende, past participle verstaan)

  1. to understand

Dutch[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Germanic *fura + *stāną. Cognate with German verstehen; English forstand, Swedish förstå.

Verstaan originated as a compound word, similar to a host of Germanic compound words meaning "understand". There is a dichotomy in the modern and old Germanic languages between compound words derived from "fore-stand" and "under-stand". However, the dichotomy does not correspond to the separation of the branches of the accepted family tree of Germanic languages. Languages that follow the "fore-stand" paradigm include Modern Danish, Modern Swedish, Modern Dutch and Modern German. Languages that follow the "under-stand" paradigm include Modern English and Old Norse. It is likely that either the two paradigms co-existed in Proto-Germanic, or that neither existed, but "fore" and "under" were synonomous in this context. Gothic, in addition to subscribing to the "fura-stand" paradigm, had a verb 𐍆𐍂𐌰𐌸𐌾𐌰𐌽 ‎(fraþjan) which meant understand. It is a cognate to frode meaning a man of wisdom. Since fraþjan, as a verb, did not find its way into any of the other Germanic languages, it was not likely used to mean "understand" in Proto-Germanic.

Pronunciation[edit]

Verb[edit]

verstaan ‎(past singular verstond, past participle verstaan)

  1. to understand (language, words), to hear clearly.
  2. to understand (an idea), to comprehend

Usage notes[edit]

In sense 2, the verb begrijpen is more common, but verstaan is also used.

Conjugation[edit]

Inflection of verstaan (strong class 6, irregular, prefixed)
infinitive verstaan
past singular verstond
past participle verstaan
infinitive verstaan
gerund verstaan n
verbal noun
present tense past tense
1st person singular versta verstond
2nd person sing. (jij) verstaat verstond
2nd person sing. (u) verstaat verstond
2nd person sing. (gij) verstaat verstondt
3rd person singular verstaat verstond
plural verstaan verstonden
subjunctive sing.1 versta verstonde
subjunctive plur.1 verstaan verstonden
imperative sing. versta
imperative plur.1 verstaat
participles verstaand verstaan
1) Archaic.

Synonyms[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

Participle[edit]

verstaan

  1. past participle of verstaan

Declension[edit]

Inflection of verstaan
uninflected verstaan
inflected verstane
comparative
positive
predicative/adverbial verstaan
indefinite m./f. sing. verstane
n. sing. verstaan
plural verstane
definite verstane
partitive verstaans

Finnish[edit]

Noun[edit]

verstaan

  1. Genitive singular form of verstas.