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From Latin vōcālis.



  1. A triangular band of muscle, inserted into the vocal process of the arytenoid cartilage, and into the adjacent portion of its anterior surface; it lies parallel with the vocal ligament, to which it is adherent.



Etymology 1[edit]

Derived from the oblique stem vōc- of vōx (voice) +‎ -ālis (-al, adjective-forming derivational suffix).


vōcālis (neuter vōcāle); third declension

  1. vocal, having a voice, speaking
  2. sounding, not silent
  3. sonorous, melodious
  4. never silent
  5. prophesying

Third declension.

Number Singular Plural
Case / Gender Masc./Fem. Neuter Masc./Fem. Neuter
nominative vōcālis vōcāle vōcālēs vōcālia
genitive vōcālis vōcālium
dative vōcālī vōcālibus
accusative vōcālem vōcāle vōcālēs vōcālia
ablative vōcālī vōcālibus
vocative vōcālis vōcāle vōcālēs vōcālia
Derived terms[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

Noun use of the adjective vōcālis, in elliptical use for littera vōcālis or lītera vōcālis (literally sounding letter), a calque of Ancient Greek φωνῆεν (phōnêen).


vōcālis f (genitive vōcālis); third declension

  1. (grammar) vowel

Third declension i-stem.

Case Singular Plural
nominative vōcālis vōcālēs
genitive vōcālis vōcālium
dative vōcālī vōcālibus
accusative vōcālem vōcālēs
ablative vōcāle vōcālibus
vocative vōcālis vōcālēs

See also[edit]


  • vocalis in Charlton T. Lewis and Charles Short (1879) A Latin Dictionary, Oxford: Clarendon Press
  • vocalis in Charlton T. Lewis (1891) An Elementary Latin Dictionary, New York: Harper & Brothers
  • du Cange, Charles (1883), “vocalis”, in G. A. Louis Henschel, Pierre Carpentier, Léopold Favre, editors, Glossarium Mediæ et Infimæ Latinitatis (in Latin), Niort: L. Favre
  • vocalis in Gaffiot, Félix (1934) Dictionnaire Illustré Latin-Français [Illustrated Latin-French Dictionary], Hachette

Middle High German[edit]


From Latin vōcālis.


vocalis f

  1. vowel
    • 13th century. In: Seifried Helbling. Herausgegeben und erklärt von Joseph Seemüller, Halle a. S., 1886, p. 237f.:
      Quinque sunt vocales
      A E I O U.
      Diu êrst vocalis ist daz â.
      Diu dritt vocalis ist daz î.
      Diu fünft vocalis ist daz û.
    • 13th century. In: Das deutsche Kirchenlied von der ältesten Zeit bis zu Anfang des XVII. Jahrhunderts. Von Philipp Wackernagel. Zweiter Band, Leipzig, 1867, p. 209:
      Quinque sunt vocales, | A E I O U. | Diu erst vocalis ist daz a. | [...] | Diu dritt vocalis ist daz i. | [...] | Diu vünft vocalis ist daz u. | [...]

Related terms[edit]