vox

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See also: VOX and VOx

Latin[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Italic *wōks, from Proto-Indo-European *wṓkʷs ‎(speech, voice) (with stem vōc- for voqu- from the nominative case), an o-grade root noun of *wekʷ- ‎(to speak). Cognates include Sanskrit वाच् ‎(vā́c) and Ancient Greek ὄψ ‎(óps).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

vōx f ‎(genitive vōcis); third declension

  1. voice
  2. accent
  3. speech, remark, expression, (turn of) phrase
  4. (grammar) voice; indicating the relation of the subject of the verb to the action which the verb expresses

Inflection[edit]

Third declension.

Case Singular Plural
nominative vōx vōcēs
genitive vōcis vōcum
dative vōcī vōcibus
accusative vōcem vōcēs
ablative vōce vōcibus
vocative vōx vōcēs

Derived terms[edit]

Descendants[edit]

References[edit]

  • vox in Charlton T. Lewis & Charles Short (1879) A Latin Dictionary, Oxford: Clarendon Press
  • vox in Charlton T. Lewis (1891) An Elementary Latin Dictionary, New York: Harper & Brothers
  • VOX in Charles du Fresne du Cange’s Glossarium Mediæ et Infimæ Latinitatis (augmented edition, 1883–1887)
  • vox in Félix Gaffiot (1934), Dictionnaire Illustré Latin-Français, Paris: Hachette.
  • Meissner, Carl; Auden, Henry William (1894) Latin Phrase-Book[1], London: Macmillan and Co.
    • an echo: vocis imago, or simply imago
    • the rocks re-echo: saxa voci respondent or resonant
    • all are unanimous: una et consentiens vox est
    • unanimously: una voce; uno ore
    • vocal and instrumental music: vocum et fidium (nervorum) cantus
    • a strong, loud voice: vox magna, clara (Sulla 10. 30)
    • a deep, high, thin, moderate voice: vox gravis, acuta, parva, mediocris
    • a melodious, ringing voice: vox canōra (Brut. 63. 234)
    • a gentle, subdued voice: vox lenis, suppressa, summissa
    • raising, lowering the voice: contentio, remissio vocis
    • no sound passed his lips: nulla vox est ab eo audita
    • to shout at the top of one's voice: magna voce clamare
    • what is the meaning, the original sense of this word: quid significat, sonat haec vox?
    • what is the meaning, the original sense of this word: quae notio or sententia subiecta est huic voci?
    • the word carere means..: vox, nomen carendi or simply carere hoc significat (Tusc. 1. 36. 88)
    • this word ends in a long syllable: haec vox longa syllaba terminatur, in longam syllabam cadit, exit
    • to use insulting expressions to any one: contumeliosis vocibus prosequi aliquem (vid. sect. VI. 11, note Prosequi...)
    • an oracle given by the Delphian Apollo (Apollo Pythius): vox Pythia (Pythica) (Liv. 1. 56)
    • (ambiguous) to speak, utter a sound: vocem mittere (sonitum reddere of things)
    • (ambiguous) to lower one's voice: vocem summittere
    • (ambiguous) to prevent some one from speaking: vocem intercludere (Just. 11. 8. 4)
    • (ambiguous) to let fall an expression: voces iacere (Sall. Iug. 11)
    • (ambiguous) insulting expressions: voces (verba) contumeliosae
  • De Vaan, Michiel (2008) Etymological Dictionary of Latin and the other Italic Languages (Leiden Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Series; 7), Leiden, Boston: Brill, page 691f