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See also: VOX and VOx



From Proto-Italic *wōks, from Proto-Indo-European *wṓkʷs ‎(speech, voice) (with stem vōc- for voqu- from the nominative case), an o-grade root noun of *wekʷ- ‎(to speak). Cognates include Sanskrit वाच् ‎(vā́c) and Ancient Greek ὄψ ‎(óps).



vōx f ‎(genitive vōcis); third declension

  1. voice
  2. accent
  3. speech, remark, expression, (turn of) phrase
  4. word
  5. (grammar) voice; indicating the relation of the subject of the verb to the action which the verb expresses


Third declension.

Case Singular Plural
nominative vōx vōcēs
genitive vōcis vōcum
dative vōcī vōcibus
accusative vōcem vōcēs
ablative vōce vōcibus
vocative vōx vōcēs


Derived terms[edit]



  • vox in Charlton T. Lewis & Charles Short (1879) A Latin Dictionary, Oxford: Clarendon Press
  • vox in Charlton T. Lewis (1891) An Elementary Latin Dictionary, New York: Harper & Brothers
  • VOX in Charles du Fresne du Cange’s Glossarium Mediæ et Infimæ Latinitatis (augmented edition, 1883–1887)
  • vox” in Félix Gaffiot (1934), Dictionnaire Illustré Latin-Français, Paris: Hachette.
  • Meissner, Carl; Auden, Henry William (1894) Latin Phrase-Book[1], London: Macmillan and Co.
    • an echo: vocis imago, or simply imago
    • the rocks re-echo: saxa voci respondent or resonant
    • all are unanimous: una et consentiens vox est
    • unanimously: una voce; uno ore
    • vocal and instrumental music: vocum et fidium (nervorum) cantus
    • a strong, loud voice: vox magna, clara (Sulla 10. 30)
    • a deep, high, thin, moderate voice: vox gravis, acuta, parva, mediocris
    • a melodious, ringing voice: vox canōra (Brut. 63. 234)
    • a gentle, subdued voice: vox lenis, suppressa, summissa
    • raising, lowering the voice: contentio, remissio vocis
    • no sound passed his lips: nulla vox est ab eo audita
    • to shout at the top of one's voice: magna voce clamare
    • what is the meaning, the original sense of this word: quid significat, sonat haec vox?
    • what is the meaning, the original sense of this word: quae notio or sententia subiecta est huic voci?
    • the word carere means..: vox, nomen carendi or simply carere hoc significat (Tusc. 1. 36. 88)
    • this word ends in a long syllable: haec vox longa syllaba terminatur, in longam syllabam cadit, exit
    • to use insulting expressions to any one: contumeliosis vocibus prosequi aliquem (vid. sect. VI. 11, note Prosequi...)
    • an oracle given by the Delphian Apollo (Apollo Pythius): vox Pythia (Pythica) (Liv. 1. 56)
    • (ambiguous) to speak, utter a sound: vocem mittere (sonitum reddere of things)
    • (ambiguous) to lower one's voice: vocem summittere
    • (ambiguous) to prevent some one from speaking: vocem intercludere (Just. 11. 8. 4)
    • (ambiguous) to let fall an expression: voces iacere (Sall. Iug. 11)
    • (ambiguous) insulting expressions: voces (verba) contumeliosae
  • De Vaan, Michiel (2008) Etymological Dictionary of Latin and the other Italic Languages (Leiden Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Series; 7), Leiden, Boston: Brill, page 691f