vulgus

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Latin[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Indo-European *welH- (to throng, crowd), see also Welsh gwala (sufficiency, enough), Middle Breton gwalc'h (abundance), Ancient Greek εἴλω (eílō, to roll up, pack close), Sanskrit वर्ग (varga, group, division), Latin volvō.

Some have attempted, without success, to link it to Proto-Indo-European *pl̥h₁-go, whence English folk.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

vulgus n, m (genitive vulgī); second declension

  1. (uncountable) the common people
  2. (uncountable) the public
  3. throng, crowd
  4. gathering

Inflection[edit]

Second declension.

Case Singular
nominative vulgus
genitive vulgī
dative vulgō
accusative vulgus
ablative vulgō
vocative vulgus

Second declension and neuter, nominative/accusative/vocative end in -us.

Vulgus is also rarely encountered as a regular masculine second declension noun:
Second declension.

Case Singular
nominative vulgus
genitive vulgī
dative vulgō
accusative vulgum
ablative vulgō
vocative vulge

There is also the heteroclitic ablative singular vulgū.

Synonyms[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

Related terms[edit]

Descendants[edit]

References[edit]

  • vulgus in Charlton T. Lewis and Charles Short (1879) A Latin Dictionary, Oxford: Clarendon Press
  • du Cange, Charles (1883), “vulgus”, in G. A. Louis Henschel, Pierre Carpentier, Léopold Favre, editors, Glossarium Mediæ et Infimæ Latinitatis (in Latin), Niort: L. Favre
  • vulgus” in Félix Gaffiot’s Dictionnaire Illustré Latin-Français, Hachette (1934)
  • Carl Meissner; Henry William Auden (1894) Latin Phrase-Book[1], London: Macmillan and Co.
    • to divulge, make public: efferre or edere aliquid in vulgus
    • to be a subject for gossip: in ora vulgi abire
    • a demagogue, agitator: plebis dux, vulgi turbator, civis turbulentus, civis rerum novarum cupidus