कोश

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Sanskrit[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

  • कोष (koṣa) (koṣa) (in Classical period)

Etymology[edit]

Probably from verbal root कुश्यति (kuśyati, to embrace, enfold), related to कुक्षि (kukṣí, belly, interior) and कोष्ठ (koṣṭha, viscera of the body).

Noun[edit]

कोश (kóśan, m

  1. cask, vessel for holding liquids, (metaphorically) cloud
    • RV 3.32.15
      आपूर्णो अस्य कलशः सवाहा सेक्तेव कोशं सिसिचे पिबध्यै |
      समु परिया आवव्र्त्रन मदाय परदक्षिणिदभि सोमासैन्द्रम ||
      āpūrṇo asya kalaśaḥ svāhā sekteva kośaṃ sisice pibadhyai |
      samu priyā āvavṛtran madāya pradakṣiṇidabhi somāsaindram||
      Full is his chalice: Glory! Like a pourer I have filled up the vessel for his drinking.
      Presented on the right, dear Soma juices have brought us Indra, to rejoice him, hither.
  2. pail, bucket
    • RV 9.76.5
      वर्षेव यूथा परि कोशमर्षस्यपामुपस्थे वर्षभः कनिक्रदत |
      स इन्द्राय पवसे मत्सरिन्तमो यथा जेषाम समिथे तवोतयः ||
      vṛṣeva yūthā pari kośamarṣasyapāmupasthe vṛṣabhaḥ kanikradat |
      sa indrāya pavase matsarintamo yathā jeṣāma samithe tvotayaḥ ||
      Like as a bull to herds, thou flowest to the pail, bellowing as a steer upon the water's lap.
      So, best of Cheerers, thou for Indra flowest on that we, with thy protection, may o’ercome in fight.
  3. drinking-vessel, cup
  4. box, cupboard, drawer, trunk
    • RV 6.47.22
      परस्तोक इन नु राधसस्त इन्द्र दश कोशयीर्दश वाजिनो.अदात |
      दिवोदासादतिथिग्वस्य राधः शाम्बरं वसु परत्यग्रभीष्म ||
      prastoka in nu rādhasasta indra daśa kośayīrdaśa vājino.adāt |
      divodāsādatithighvasya rādhaḥ śāmbaraṃ vasu pratyaghrabhīṣma ||
      Out of thy bounty, Indra, hath Prastoka bestowed ten coffers and ten mettled horses.
      We have received in turn from Divodāsa Śambara's wealth, the gift of Atithigva.
  5. the interior or inner part of a carriage
  6. sheath, scabbard
  7. case, covering, cover
  8. store-room, store, provisions
  9. treasury, apartment where money or plate is kept, treasure, accumulated wealth (gold or silver, wrought or unwrought, as plate, jewellery, etc.)
  10. (medicine) a kind of bandage
  11. dictionary, lexicon or vocabulary - kosha
  12. poetical collection, collection of sentences
  13. bud, flower-cup, seed-vessel
    बीजकोश (bīja-kośa) — seed-vessel
  14. the sheath or integument of a plant, pod, nut-shell
  15. nutmeg
  16. the inner part of the fruit of Artocarpus integrifolia and of similar fruits
  17. silk-worm cocoon
  18. the membrane covering an egg (in the womb)
  19. vulva
  20. testicle, scrotum
  21. penis
  22. egg
  23. (in Vedânta philosophy) kosha: a term for the three sheaths or succession of cases which make up the various frames of the body enveloping the soul
  24. (at the end of a compound) a ball or globe
    सूत्रकोश (sūtra-kośa) — a ball of thread
    नेत्रकोश (netra-kośa) — the eye-ball
  25. the water used at an ordeal or judicial trial (the defendant drinks thrice of it after some idol has been washed in it)
  26. oath
  27. a cup used in the ratification of a treaty of peace
    कोशंपिबति (kośaṃ-√pā) — to drink from that cup
  28. name of a particular conjunction of planets
  29. name of the 2nd astrological mansion
  30. (Buddhism) name of a collection of Gāthā verses

Declension[edit]

Compounds[edit]

Descendants[edit]

References[edit]

  • Sir Monier Monier-Williams, A Sanskrit-English dictionary etymologically and philologically arranged with special reference to cognate Indo-European languages, Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1898, page 0314
  • Arthur A. Macdonell, A practical Sanskrit dictionary with transliteration, accentuation, and etymological analysis throughout, London: Oxford University Press, 1893, page 075
  • Horace Hayman Wilson, A dictionary in Sanscrit and English, 2nd ed., Calcutta: Education Press, Circular Road, 1832, page 252
  • Carl Capeller, A Sanskrit-English dictionary, based upon the St. Petersburg lexicons, London: Luzac & Co., 1891, page 134