चन्द्र

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Hindi[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Sanskrit चन्द्र (candra).

Noun[edit]

चन्द्र (candramUrdu spelling چندر

  1. moon

Sanskrit[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From श्चन्द्र (ścandra, shining, radiant).

Adjective[edit]

चन्द्र (candrá)

  1. glittering, shining (as gold), having the brilliancy or hue of light (said of gods, of water and of soma)
    • RV 10.121.9c
      मा नो हिंसीज्जनिता यः पर्थिव्या यो वा दिवंसत्यधर्मा जजान |
      यश्चापश्चन्द्रा बर्हतीर्जजानकस्मै देवाय हविषा विधेम ||
      mā no hiṃsījjanitā yaḥ pṛthivyā yo vā divaṃsatyadharmā jajāna |
      yaścāpaścandrā bṛhatīrjajānakasmai devāya haviṣā vidhema ||
      Neer may he harm us who is earth's Begetter, nor he whose laws are sure, the heavens' Creator,
      He who brought forth the great and lucid waters. What God shall we adore with our oblation?

Declension[edit]

Noun[edit]

चन्द्र (candrám

  1. the moon (also personified as a deity)
    • RV 1.24.10d
      अमी य रक्षा निहितास उच्चा नक्तं दद्र्श्रे कुह चिद दिवेयुः |
      अदब्धानि वरुणस्य वरतानि विचाकशच्चन्द्रमा नक्तमेति ||
      amī ya ṛkṣā nihitāsa uccā naktaṃ dadṛśre kuha cid diveyuḥ |
      adabdhāni varuṇasya vratāni vicākaśaccandramā naktameti ||
      Whither by day depart the constellations that shine at night, set high in heaven above us?
      Varuna's holy laws remain unweakened, and through the night the Moon moves on in splendor.
  2. (at the end of a compound) "the moon of" i.e. the most excellent among
  3. the number "one"
  4. a lovely or agreeable phenomenon of any kind
  5. a spot similar to the moon
  6. the eye in a peacock's tail
  7. the mark of the visarga
  8. a kind of reddish pearl
  9. camphor
  10. water
  11. the काम्पिल्ल (kāmpilla) plant
  12. (prosody) a metre of 4x19 syllables
  13. name of a daitya (= चन्द्रवर्मन् (candravarman), king of the kāmbojas)
  14. name of a son of Kṛṣṇa
  15. name of a son of विश्वगन्धि (viśvagandhi) and father of युवनाश्व (yuvanāśva)
  16. name of a grammarian (= चन्द्रगोमिन् (candragomin))
  17. name of a king
  18. name of one of the ancestors of the गौड (gauḍa) Brahmins
  19. name of several other men
  20. name one of the 18 minor dvīpas
  21. = चन्द्रपर्वत (candraparvata)

Declension[edit]

See also[edit]

Descendants[edit]

Noun[edit]

चन्द्र (candrán

  1. gold
    • RV 2.2.4c
      तमुक्षमाणं रजसि सव आ दमे चन्द्रमिव सुरुचं हवार आ दधुः |
      पर्श्न्याः पतरं चितयन्तमक्षभिः पाथो न पायुं जनसी उभे अनु ||
      tamukṣamāṇaṃ rajasi sva ā dame candramiva surucaṃ hvāra ā dadhuḥ |
      pṛśnyāḥ pataraṃ citayantamakṣabhiḥ pātho na pāyuṃ janasī ubhe anu ||
      Him have they set in his own dwelling, in the vault, like the gold waxing, fulgent, in the realm of air.
      Bird of the firmament, observant with his eyes, guard of the place as'twere, looking to Gods and men.
  2. a kind of sour rice-gruel
  3. name of a sāman
  4. cardamoms
  5. Cocculus cordifolius (गुडूची (guḍūcī))
  6. = चन्द्रास्पदा (candrāspadā)
  7. name of a river

Declension[edit]

References[edit]

  • Sir Monier Monier-Williams, A Sanskrit-English dictionary etymologically and philologically arranged with special reference to cognate Indo-European languages, Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1898, page 386