Definition from Wiktionary, the free dictionary
Jump to: navigation, search

Translingual[edit]

shinjitai

simplified

traditional

Etymology[edit]

In its traditional sense ("inferior") — Phono-semantic compound (形聲): semantic  (person) + phonetic 

As a simplification of ("body") — Ideogrammic compound (會意):  (person) +  (basis)

Han character[edit]

(radical 9 +5, 7 strokes, cangjie input 人木一 (ODM), four-corner 25230, composition)

  1. body (as simplification of 體)
  2. group, class, body, unit (as simplification of 體)
  3. inferior (as traditional 体)

Usage notes[edit]

Readings as traditional 体 (inferior):

  • ban6 (Cantonese), bèn (Mandarin), bun (Korean), or hon (Japanese).

Readings as simplification of 體 (body, group):

  • Cantonese tai2, Mandarin and , Korean che, Japanese tei and tai, and Vietnamese thể.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 98, character 13
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 509
  • Dae Jaweon: page 208, character 3
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 1, page 130, character 1
  • Unihan data for U+4F53

Cantonese[edit]

Hanzi[edit]

(traditional , Jyutping ban6, tai2, Yale ban6, tai2)


Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(grade 2 “Kyōiku” kanjishinjitai kanji, kyūjitai form )

  1. body

Readings[edit]

Compounds[edit]

Noun[edit]

(hiragana からだ, romaji karada)

  1. body
  2. health

(hiragana たい, romaji tai)

  1. body
  2. form

Derived terms[edit]

Suffix[edit]

(hiragana たい, romaji -tai)

  1. body, group

Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

(bun, che)
Eumhun:

  • Sound (hangeul): [[, ]] (revised: bun, che, McCune-Reischauer: pun, ch'e, Yale: pun, chey)
  • Name (hangeul): [[용렬하다, ]] (revised: yongnyeolhada, mom, McCune-Reischauer: yongnyŏrhada, mom, Yale: yonglyelhada, mom)
  1. mediocre (분)
  2. rough
  3. pallbearer
  4. body (체)
  5. personally
  6. shape
  7. root
  8. formality
  9. matter
  10. object
  11. handwriting
  12. style
  13. experience
  14. get by experience
  15. acknowledge
  16. think

Mandarin[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Hanzi[edit]

(traditional , Pinyin (ti3), bèn (ben4), (ti1), Wade-Giles t'i3)

Compounds[edit]


Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

(thể)