植物

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Chinese[edit]

Chinese Wikipedia has an article on:

Wikipedia zh

simpl. and trad.

Pronunciation[edit]


Middle Chinese pronunciation (植物, reconstructed)
Character (植), Pronunciation 1/2

Initial: 澄 (11)
Final: 之
Division: III

Openness: Open
Tone: Departing (H)

Fanqie: 直吏切
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Bernard
Karlgren
Li
Rong
Pan
Wuyun
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Wang
Li
Shao
Rongfen
/ɖɨH/ /ȡʱiH/ /ȡiəH/ /ɖɨH/ /ɖɨH/ /ȡĭəH/ /ȡieH/
Character (植), Pronunciation 2/2

Initial: 常 (25)
Final: 職
Division: III

Openness: Open
Tone: Checked (Ø)

Fanqie: 常職切
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Bernard
Karlgren
Li
Rong
Pan
Wuyun
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Wang
Li
Shao
Rongfen
/d͡ʑɨk̚/ /ʑi̯ək̚/ /ʑiək̚/ /d͡ʑɨk̚/ /d͡ʑik̚/ /ʑĭək̚/ /d͡ʑiek̚/
Character (物), Pronunciation 1/1

Initial: 明 (4)
Final: 物
Division: III

Openness: Closed
Tone: Checked (Ø)

Fanqie: 文弗切
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Bernard
Karlgren
Li
Rong
Pan
Wuyun
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Wang
Li
Shao
Rongfen
/mɨut̚/ /mi̯uət̚/ /miuət̚/ /miut̚/ /mut̚/ /mĭuət̚/ /miuət̚/
Old Chinese pronunciation (植物, reconstructed)
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character Modern Beijing
(Pinyin)
Middle Chinese Old Chinese English
zhí ‹ driH › /*N-t<r>əәk-s/ grow, flourish
zhí ‹ driH › /*m-t<r>əәk-s/ to plant, set upright
zhí ‹ dzyik › /*m-təәk/ to plant; plants
‹ mjut › /*C.mut/ thing

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

  • Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
  • Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
  • Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
  • Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;
  • Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character No. Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
Corresponding
MC rime
Old Chinese Notes
17263 0 /*dɯɡs/
17273 0 /*djɯɡ/
13218 1 /*mɯd/

Noun[edit]

植物

  1. plants; vegetation; flora

Derived terms[edit]

Descendants[edit]

Sino-Xenic (植物):


Japanese[edit]

Kanji in this term
しょく
Grade: 3
ぶつ
Grade: 3
on'yomi

Noun[edit]

植物 (hiragana しょくぶつ, romaji shokubutsu)

  1. plants, vegetation

Antonyms[edit]

References[edit]

  • 2000, Jonathan Bunt, Gillian Hall, The Oxford Starter Japanese Dictionary, First Edition, New York: Oxford University Press, ISBN 0198601972

Korean[edit]

Hanja in this word

Noun[edit]

植物 (singmul) (hangeul 식물)

  1. Hanja form? of 식물, “plants, vegetation”.

Vietnamese[edit]

Hán tự in this word

Noun[edit]

植物

  1. Hán tự form of thực vật, "plants, vegetation"