退

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Translingual[edit]

Han character[edit]

退 (radical 162 +6, 10 strokes, cangjie input 卜日女 (YAV), four-corner 37303, composition)

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 1256, character 14
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 38839
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1740, character 4
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 6, page 3834, character 4
  • Unihan data for U+9000

Chinese[edit]

simpl. and trad.
退

Etymology[edit]

Ideogrammic compound (會意):  (move) +  (walk) +  (sun) – to walk away from the sun, to retreat.

Current form is essentially  + , where the unrelated 艮 is a simplification of  +  – in careful writing the form may be slightly different (notably in the lower right component being separated and convex, rather than attached and concave), reflecting different etymology.

Cognate with .

Pronunciation[edit]


Middle Chinese pronunciation (退, reconstructed)
Character (退), Pronunciation 1/1

Initial: 透 (6)
Final: 灰
Division: I

Openness: Closed
Tone: Departing (H)

Fanqie: 他内切
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Bernard
Karlgren
Li
Rong
Pan
Wuyun
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Wang
Li
Shao
Rongfen
/tʰuʌiH/ /tʰuɑ̆iH/ /tʰuᴀiH/ /tʰuoiH/ /tʰwəjH/ /tʰuɒiH/ /tʰuɒiH/
Old Chinese pronunciation (退, reconstructed)
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character Modern Beijing
(Pinyin)
Middle Chinese Old Chinese English
退 tuì ‹ thwojH › /*n̥ ˤ[u]p-s/ withdraw (≠ advance)

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

  • Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
  • Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
  • Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
  • Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;
  • Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character No. Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
Corresponding
MC rime
Old Chinese Notes
退 12536 退 3 /*n̥ʰuːbs/ 由說文從彳從日夊隸變,或從彳內聲

Definitions[edit]

退

  1. to step back, to move backwards
  2. to withdraw, to leave
  3. to cause to move backward
  4. to recede, to fade, to ebb
  5. to return (a purchase, etc.), to refund
  6. to cancel, to call off

Compounds[edit]


Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

退

(grade 5 “Kyōiku” kanji)

  1. retreat, withdraw
  2. cause to retreat or withdraw: to drive out

Readings[edit]

Compounds[edit]


Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

退 (toe) (hangeul , revised toe, McCune-Reischauer t'oe, Yale thoy)

  1. This entry needs a definition. Please add one, then remove {{defn}}.

Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

退 (thối, thoái, thói, thủi, thui, thúi, thụi)

  1. This entry needs a definition. Please add one, then remove {{defn}}.