brook

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See also: Brook

English[edit]

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Pronunciation[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

From Middle English brouken (to use, enjoy), from Old English brūcan (to enjoy, brook, use, possess, partake of, spend), from Proto-Germanic *brūkaną (to enjoy, use), from Proto-Indo-European *bʰrūg- (to enjoy). Cognate with Scots brook, brouk (to use, enjoy), West Frisian brûke (to use), Dutch gebruiken (to use), German brauchen (to need, require, use), Latin fruor (enjoy). Related to fruit.

Verb[edit]

brook (third-person singular simple present brooks, present participle brooking, simple past and past participle brooked)

  1. (transitive, obsolete, except in Scots) To use; enjoy; have the full employment of.
  2. (transitive, obsolete) To earn; deserve.
  3. (transitive) To bear; endure; support; put up with; tolerate (usually used in the negative, with an abstract noun as object).
    I will not brook any disobedience.   I will brook no refusal.
    • 1922, Ben Travers, chapter 6, A Cuckoo in the Nest:
      But Sophia's mother was not the woman to brook defiance. After a few moments' vain remonstrance her husband complied. His manner and appearance were suggestive of a satiated sea-lion.
    • 2005, Nicholas Ostler, Empires of the Word: A Language History of the World, Harper:
      Nevertheless, Garcilaso does claim that the Spaniards ‘who were unable to brook the length of the discourse, had left their places and fallen on the Indians’.
Derived terms[edit]
Translations[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

From Middle English, from Old English brōc (brook, stream, torrent), from Proto-Germanic *brōkaz (stream), from Proto-Indo-European *mrāǵ- (silt, slime). Cognate with Dutch broek (marsh, swamp), German Bruch (marsh), Low German Brook, Ancient Greek βράγος (brágos, shallows) and Albanian bërrak (swampy soil).

Noun[edit]

brook (plural brooks)

  1. A body of running water smaller than a river; a small stream.
    • Bible, Deuteronomy viii. 7
      The Lord thy God bringeth thee into a good land, a land of brooks of water.
    • William Shakespeare (1564-1616)
      empties itself, as doth an inland brook / into the main of waters
    • 1879, Richard Jefferies, chapter 1, The Amateur Poacher:
      But then I had the [massive] flintlock by me for protection. ¶ [] The linen-press and a chest on the top of it formed, however, a very good gun-carriage; and, thus mounted, aim could be taken out of the window at the old mare feeding in the meadow below by the brook, [] .
  2. (Sussex, Kentish) A water meadow.
  3. (Sussex, Kentish, in the plural) Low, marshy ground.
Synonyms[edit]
Translations[edit]

Scots[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Middle English bro(o)ken (to use, enjoy, digest), from Old English brūcan (to use, enjoy). See also brouk.

Verb[edit]

tae brook

  1. To enjoy the use or owndom of.