cactus

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See also: Cactus

English[edit]

Saguaro cactus (Ansel Adams, 1941)
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Pronunciation[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Latin cactus, from Ancient Greek κάκτος (káktos, cardoon), of pre-Greek origin.

Noun[edit]

cactus (plural cacti or cactuses or cactus)

  1. (botany) Any member of the family Cactaceae, a family of flowering New World succulent plants suited to a hot, semi-desert climate.
  2. Any succulent plant with a thick fleshy stem bearing spines but no leaves, including euphorbs.

Usage notes[edit]

Wikisource
See also the 1911 Encyclopædia Britannica's article on:

cactus properly refers to plants belonging to the family Cactaceae. With one exception, all are native to the New World (the Americas). The sole exception is Rhipsalis, a jungle epiphyte found in tropical Africa, Madagascar, and Sri Lanka, as well as North and South America. Informally, cactus is used to refer to any stem succulent adapted to a dry climate, notably species from genus Euphorbia with forms reminiscent of Cactaceae. To be precise, these succulents are correctly described as "cactoid" or "cactiform" unless they are actual members of the Cactaceae.

Related terms[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

Translations[edit]

See also[edit]

Adjective[edit]

cactus (not comparable)

  1. (Australia, slang) Non-functional, broken, exhausted.
    • 2001 July 8, Dave, “TV Problems”, aus.electronics, Usenet:
      I wouldn't mind throwing it away if it's cactus except for the VCR part which works fine, so then I'd be up for a new VCR as well.
    • 2004 August 25, AC, “water damage ???”, alt.cellular.nokia, Usenet:
      I would say it's cactus. Water conducts & destroys components & PCBs very easily. Hence the water-resistant phones.
    • 2009, Will Chaffey, Swimming with Crocodiles: An Australian Adventure, page 108,
      ‘It′s cactus,’ Rod, the helicopter pilot, said at the sound of the piston ring shattering.

Asturian[edit]

Noun[edit]

cactus m (plural cactus)

  1. (botany) cactus (member of the Cactaceae)

French[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

cactus m (plural cactus)

  1. cactus

External links[edit]


Italian[edit]

Noun[edit]

cactus m (invariable)

  1. cactus

Anagrams[edit]


Latin[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Ancient Greek κάκτος (káktos, cardoon).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

cactus m (genitive cactī); second declension

  1. the cardoon, Cynara cardunculus

Inflection[edit]

Second declension.

Number Singular Plural
nominative cactus cactī
genitive cactī cactōrum
dative cactō cactīs
accusative cactum cactōs
ablative cactō cactīs
vocative cacte cactī

Spanish[edit]

Etymology[edit]

See cacto.

Noun[edit]

cactus m (plural cactus)

  1. Alternative form of cacto.