martyr

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English[edit]

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Etymology[edit]

From Middle English, from Old English, itself from Ecclesiastical Latin martyr, from Ancient Greek μάρτυρ (mártur), later form of μάρτυς (mártus, witness).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

martyr (plural martyrs)

  1. One who willingly accepts being put to death for adhering openly to one's religious beliefs; notably, saints canonized after martyrdom.
    Saint Stephen was the first Christian martyr.
  2. (by extension) One who sacrifices his or her life, station, or something of great personal value, for the sake of principle or to sustain a cause.
  3. (with a prepositional phrase of cause) One who suffers greatly and/or constantly, even involuntarily.
    Stan is a martyr to arthritis, Chris a martyr to Stan's endless moaning about it.
    • 1937, AJ Cronin, The Citadel:
      He'd been a martyr to asthma all his life.
  4. One who is killed or suffers greatly because of an identity or position, e.g., a young prince killed when his father, the king, is deposed for the purpose of preventing the restoration of the monarchy later.

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Translations[edit]

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Verb[edit]

martyr (third-person singular simple present martyrs, present participle martyring, simple past and past participle martyred)

  1. (transitive) To make someone into a martyr by putting him or her to death for adhering to, or acting in accordance with, some belief, especially religious; to sacrifice on account of faith or profession.
  2. (transitive) To persecute.
    Some religious and other minorities were martyred until extinction.
  3. (transitive) To torment; to torture.
    The lovely Amoret, whose gentle heart
    Thou martyrest with sorrow and with smart. — Spenser

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French[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Ecclesiastical Latin martyr, from Ancient Greek μάρτυρ (mártur), later form of μάρτυς (mártus, witness).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

martyr m (plural martyrs, feminine martyre)

  1. martyr

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Jèrriais[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Ecclesiastical Latin martyr, from Ancient Greek μάρτυρ (mártur), later form of μάρτυς (mártus, witness).

Noun[edit]

martyr m (plural martyrs)

  1. (religion) martyr

Latin[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Ancient Greek μάρτυρ (mártur), later form of μάρτυς (mártus, witness).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

martyr m, f (genitive martyris); third declension

  1. (Ecclesiastical Latin) martyr, especially a Christian martyr

Inflection[edit]

Third declension.

Number Singular Plural
nominative martyr martyrēs
genitive martyris martyrum
dative martyrī martyribus
accusative martyrem martyrēs
ablative martyre martyribus
vocative martyr martyrēs

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Norwegian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Ecclesiastical Latin martyr, from Ancient Greek μάρτυρ (mártur), later form of μάρτυς (mártus, witness).

Noun[edit]

martyr

  1. A martyr.

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Inflection[edit]


Swedish[edit]

Noun[edit]

martyr c

  1. a martyr

Declension[edit]

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