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Etymology 1[edit]

EB1911 - Volume 01 - Page 001 - 1.svg This entry lacks etymological information. If you are familiar with the origin of this term, please add it to the page as described here.



present active nītor, present infinitive nītī, perfect active nīxus sum (deponent)

  1. I bear or rest upon something, lean on; I am supported by; I am based on.
  2. I press forward, advance.
  3. I mount, climb, ascend; fly.
  4. I strain in giving birth; bring forth.
  5. (figuratively) I strive, struggle, exert myself, make an effort, labor, endeavor.
    • 86 BCEc. 35 BCE, Sallust, Bellum Catilinae
      Omnīs hominēs quī sēsē student praestāre cēterīs animālibus summā ope nītī decet nē vītam silentiō trānseant veluti pecora
      It is suitable for all who wish to be better than animals to struggle with their best effort in order not to go through life in silence like cattle.
  6. (figuratively) I try to prove, contend in argument, argue.
  7. (figuratively) I rest, rely, depend upon.
Derived terms[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

From niteō (shine).



nitor m (genitive nitōris); third declension

  1. brightness, splendor, lustre, sheen
  2. sleekness, good looks, beauty
  3. neatness, smartness, elegance, brilliancy
  4. (of speech) splendor, elegance, polish, grace
  5. (of character) dignity, excellence

Third declension.

Number Singular Plural
nominative nitor nitōrēs
genitive nitōris nitōrum
dative nitōrī nitōribus
accusative nitōrem nitōrēs
ablative nitōre nitōribus
vocative nitor nitōrēs
Related terms[edit]


  • nitor” in Charlton T. Lewis & Charles Short, A Latin Dictionary, Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1879.