shear

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English[edit]

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Etymology[edit]

From Middle English sheren, from Old English scieran, from Proto-Germanic *skeraną, from Proto-Indo-European *(s)ker- (to cut). Cognate with West Frisian skeare, Low German scheren, Dutch scheren, German scheren, Danish skære, Norwegian skjære, Swedish skära, Serbo-Croatian škare ("scissors"); and (from Indo-European) with Ancient Greek κείρω (keírō, I cut off), Latin caro (flesh), Albanian harr (to cut, to mow), Lithuanian skìrti (separate), Welsh ysgar (separate). See also sharp.

Pronunciation[edit]

Verb[edit]

shear (third-person singular simple present shears, present participle shearing, simple past sheared or shore, past participle shorn or sheared)

  1. To cut, originally with a sword or other bladed weapon, now usually with shears, or as if using shears.
    • 1819, Walter Scott, Ivanhoe:
      So trenchant was the Templar’s weapon, that it shore asunder, as it had been a willow twig, the tough and plaited handle of the mace, which the ill-fated Saxon reared to parry the blow, and, descending on his head, levelled him with the earth.
    • Shakespeare
      the golden tresses [] were shorn away
  2. To remove the fleece from a sheep etc by clipping.
  3. (physics) To deform because of shearing forces.
  4. (Scotland) To reap, as grain.
    (Can we find and add a quotation of Jamieson to this entry?)
  5. (figuratively) To deprive of property; to fleece.

Translations[edit]

The translations below need to be checked and inserted above into the appropriate translation tables, removing any numbers. Numbers do not necessarily match those in definitions. See instructions at Help:How to check translations.

Noun[edit]

shear (plural shears)

  1. a cutting tool similar to scissors, but often larger
    • Dryden
      short of the wool, and naked from the shear
  2. the act of shearing, or something removed by shearing
    • Youatt
      After the second shearing, he is a two-shear ram; [] at the expiration of another year, he is a three-shear ram; the name always taking its date from the time of shearing.
  3. (physics) a force that produces a shearing strain
  4. (geology) The response of a rock to deformation usually by compressive stress, resulting in particular textures.

Derived terms[edit]

Translations[edit]

Adjective[edit]

shear

  1. Misspelling of sheer.

Anagrams[edit]