- tempre (obsolete)
From Middle English temperen, from Old English *temprian, from Latin temperare (“to divide or proportion duly, mingle in due proportion, qualify, temper, regulate, rule, intransitive observe measure, be moderate or temperate”), from tempus (“time, fit season”); see temporal.
temper (plural tempers)
- A tendency to be of a certain type of mood.
- to have a good, bad, calm, or hasty temper
- He has quite a (bad) temper when dealing with salespeople.
- State of mind.
- The state of any compound substance which results from the mixture of various ingredients; due mixture of different qualities.
- the temper of mortar
- (obsolete) Constitution of body; the mixture or relative proportion of the four humours: blood, choler, phlegm, and melancholy.
- The exquisiteness of his [Christ's] bodily temper increased the exquisiteness of his torment.
- The heat treatment to which a metal or other material has been subjected; a material that has undergone a particular heat treatment.
- Calmness of mind; moderation; equanimity; composure.
- to keep one's temper
- Alexander Pope
- To fall with dignity, with temper rise.
- Ben Jonson
- Restore yourselves to your tempers, fathers.
- The state of a metal or other substance, especially as to its hardness, produced by some process of heating or cooling.
- the temper of iron or steel
- Middle state or course; mean; medium.
- The perfect lawgiver is a just temper between the mere man of theory, who can see nothing but general principles, and the mere man of business, who can see nothing but particular circumstances.
- (sugar manufacture, historical) Milk of lime, or other substance, employed in the process formerly used to clarify sugar.
- (tendency of mood): disposition
- (Heat treatment): quenching
- To moderate or control.
- Temper your language around children.
- To strengthen or toughen a material, especially metal, by heat treatment; anneal.
- Tempering is a heat treatment technique applied to metals, alloys, and glass to achieve greater toughness by increasing the strength of materials and/or ductility. Tempering is performed by a controlled reheating of the work piece to a temperature below its lower eutectic critical temperature.
- The tempered metals clash, and yield a silver sound.
- To sauté spices in ghee or oil to release essential oils for flavouring a dish in South Asian cuisine.
- To mix clay, plaster or mortar with water to obtain the proper consistency.
- (music) To adjust, as the mathematical scale to the actual scale, or to that in actual use.
- (obsolete, Latinism) To govern; to manage.
- With which the damned ghosts he governeth, / And furies rules, and Tartare tempereth.
- (archaic) To combine in due proportions; to constitute; to compose.
- (archaic) To mingle in due proportion; to prepare by combining; to modify, as by adding some new element; to qualify, as by an ingredient; hence, to soften; to mollify; to assuage.
- Puritan austerity was so tempered by Dutch indifference, that mercy itself could not have dictated a milder system.
- Woman! lovely woman! nature made thee / To temper man: we had been brutes without you.
- But thy fire / Shall be more tempered, and thy hope far higher.
- She [the Goddess of Justice] threw darkness and clouds about her, that tempered the light into a thousand beautiful shades and colours.
- (obsolete) To fit together; to adjust; to accomodate.
- Bible, Wisdom xvi. 21
- Thy sustenance […] serving to the appetite of the eater, tempered itself to every man's liking.
- Bible, Wisdom xvi. 21