θεός

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See also: Θεός

Ancient Greek[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Hellenic *tʰehós (whence also Mycenaean Greek 𐀳𐀃 (te-o)), a thematicization of Proto-Indo-European *dʰéh₁s, s-suffixed noun derived from *dʰeh₁- (to do, to put, to place). Cognate with Phrygian δεως (deōs, to the gods), Old Armenian դիք (dikʿ, pagan gods) and Latin fēriae (festival days), fānum (temple) and fēstus (festive).

Despite its superficial similarity in form and meaning, the word is not related to Latin deus; the two come from different roots.[1][2]

Pronunciation[edit]

 
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Adjective[edit]

θεός (theós)

  1. divine (used only in comparative: θεώτερος (theṓteros))

Noun[edit]

θεός (theósm, f (genitive θεοῦ); second declension

  1. a deity, a god, God
  2. title of a ruler
  3. sometimes feminine (ἡ θεός): a goddess

Inflection[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

Descendants[edit]

See also[edit]

Further reading[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Fortson, Benjamin W. (2010) Indo-European Language and Culture: An Introduction, second edition, Oxford: Blackwell, page 1
  2. ^ Beekes, Robert S. P. (2011) Comparative Indo-European Linguistics: An Introduction, revised and corrected by Michiel de Vaan, 2nd edition, Amsterdam, Philadelphia: John Benjamins Publishing Company, page 14

Greek[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Ancient Greek θεός (theós).

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): /θeˈos/
  • Hyphenation: θε‧ός

Noun[edit]

θεός (theósm (plural θεοί, feminine θεά)

  1. (religion) god (supreme being or a supernatural, typically immortal, being with superior powers)
    Ο θεός των Αράβων είναι ο Αλλάχ.O theós ton Arávon eínai o Allách.The god of the Arabs is Allah.
    Στην αρχαία Ελλάδα, ο Διόνυσος ήταν ο θεός του κρασιού.Stin archaía Elláda, o Diónysos ítan o theós tou krasioú.In Ancient Greece, Dionysus was the god of wine.
  2. Alternative letter-case form of Θεός (Theós).
  3. (figuratively) god, idol (something or someone particularly revered, worshipped, idealized, admired and/or followed)
    Όσον αφορά μουσική, ο Μότσαρτ ήταν ο θεός του.Óson aforá mousikí, o Mótsart ítan o theós tou.With regard to music, Mozart was his god.
    Σε αυτόν τον κόσμο, δυστυχώς, τα λεφτά είναι ο θεός τους.Se aftón ton kósmo, dystychós, ta leftá eínai o theós tous.In this world, unfortunately, money is their god.
  4. (figuratively, colloquial) god, Greek god (exceedingly handsome man)
    Στην παραλία ήταν διάφοροι θεοί.Stin paralía ítan diáforoi theoí.There were several Greek gods on the beach.

Declension[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

Synonyms[edit]