περίοδος

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Ancient Greek[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From περῐ́ (perí, around) +‎ ὁδός (hodós, path, road).

Pronunciation[edit]

 

Noun[edit]

περῐ́οδος (períodosf (genitive περῐόδου); second declension

  1. going round in a circle, flank march
  2. circumference
  3. (figuratively) periodic recurrence:
    1. of time, of events, of thoughts
    2. roster
    3. (astronomy) of orbit
    4. (medicine) menstruation
  4. chart of the Earth
  5. (grammar, rhetoric) period (of sentences).
    • 384 BCE – 322 BCE, Aristotle, Rhetoric 3.9:
      λέγω δὲ περίοδον λέξιν ἔχουσαν ἀρχὴν καὶ τελευτὴν αὐτὴν καθ᾽ αὑτὴν καὶ μέγεθος εὐσύνοπτον.
      légō dè períodon léxin ékhousan arkhḕn kaì teleutḕn autḕn kath᾽ hautḕn kaì mégethos eusúnopton.
      and by 'period' I mean a wording which has a beginning and an end, and is consistent in its meaning, and which is of good (not excessive), easily perceived length.

Inflection[edit]

Noun[edit]

περῐ́οδος (períodosm (genitive περῐόδου); second declension

  1. one who goes the rounds, patrol

Inflection[edit]

Related terms[edit]

(mostly in Hellenistic Koine)

Descendants[edit]

  • Greek: περίοδος (períodos)
  • Latin: periodus (see there for further descendants)
  • Albanian: periudhë ?

Further reading[edit]


Greek[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Ancient Greek περῐ́οδος.

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): /peˈri.o.ðos/
  • Hyphenation: πε‧ρί‧ο‧δος
  • Old Hyphenation: περί‧ο‧δος

Noun[edit]

περίοδος (períodosf (plural περίοδοι)

  1. period, phase, epoch
    πρώιμη περίοδοςpróimi períodosearly period
    Χαλκολιθική ΠερίοδοςChalkolithikí PeríodosChalcolithic Age
  2. period, season
    καλοκαιρινή περίοδοςkalokairiní períodossummer period
  3. (chemistry) period in the periodic table
  4. (medicine) period, menstruation
  5. (grammar, rhetoric) period of sentences
  6. (music) period of phrases

Declension[edit]

Synonyms[edit]

(generally):

(menstruation):

Related terms[edit]

See also[edit]