πύργος

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See also: Πύργος

Ancient Greek[edit]

Etymology[edit]

The word is first attested in Homer, Iliad 7.206. Believed to be a borrowed word, probably from Urartian [script needed] (burgana, palace, fortress); compare also Old Armenian բուրգն (burgn, pyramid). Others connect the word to Proto-Indo-European *bʰerǵʰ- (high), with cognates including Sanskrit बृहत् (bṛhát, lofty, high, tall), Old Armenian բարձր (barjr, high) and Old English burg (English borough). Kretschmer suggested a borrowing from Proto-Germanic *burgz (fortified town, hill-fort) mediated through some Northern Balkans language (Ancient Macedonian?). For Beekes, the abundance of Pre-Greek placenames, like e. g. Πέργαμον (Pérgamon), seems to indicate a Pre-Greek origin.

Pronunciation[edit]

 

Noun[edit]

πῠ́ργος (púrgosm (genitive πῠ́ργου); second declension

  1. tower, watchtower
  2. (in the plural) towered wall
  3. the part of the house where women live
  4. castle, fortress, bulwark
  5. (military) division, column

Inflection[edit]

Descendants[edit]

Further reading[edit]


Greek[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Ancient Greek πύργος (púrgos).

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): /ˈpirɣos/
  • (file)
  • Hyphenation: πύρ‧γος

Noun[edit]

πύργος (pýrgosm (plural πύργοι)

  1. tower
    κεντρικός πύργοςkentrikós pýrgoscentral tower, castle keep
  2. (chess) rook

Declension[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

See also[edit]

Chess pieces in Greek · πεσσοί (pessoí) (layout · text)
♚ ♛ ♜ ♝ ♞ ♟
βασιλιάς (vasiliás) βασίλισσα (vasílissa) πύργος (pýrgos) αξιωματικός (axiomatikós), τρελός (trelós) ίππος (íppos) στρατιώτης (stratiótis), πιόνι (pióni)