слон

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Belarusian[edit]

Elephant

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Slavic *slonъ, possibly a deverbative from Proto-Slavic *sloniti sę (to lean against), relating to а medieval story of а sleeping elephant who leaned against a tree. According to some other sources, it is related to the Turkish arslan (lion).

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): [sɫon]
  • (file)

Noun[edit]

слон (slonm animal (genitive слана́, nominative plural сланы́, genitive plural слано́ў)

  1. elephant
  2. (chess) bishop

Declension[edit]

See also[edit]

Chess pieces in Belarusian · ша́хматныя фігу́ры (šáxmatnyja fihúry) (layout · text)
♚ ♛ ♜ ♝ ♞ ♟
каро́ль (karólʹ) ферзь (fjerzʹ) ладдзя́ (laddzjá) слон (slon) конь (konʹ) пе́шка (pjéška)

Bulgarian[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

From Proto-Slavic *slonъ, possibly a deverbative from Proto-Slavic *sloniti sę (to lean against), relating to а medieval story of а sleeping elephant who leaned against a tree. According to some other sources, it is related to the Turkish arslan (lion).

Noun[edit]

слон (slonm (feminine слони́ца)

  1. elephant (usually a male one)
Declension[edit]

References[edit]

  • слон in Rečnik na bǎlgarskija ezik (Institut za bǎlgarski ezik)
  • Todorov T., editor (2010) , “слон²”, in Български етимологичен речник [Bulgarian Etymological Dictionary] (in Bulgarian), volume 7, Sofia: Bulgarian Academy of Sciences, page 113

Etymology 2[edit]

From Proto-Slavic *slonъ (offset).

Noun[edit]

слон (slonm

  1. (dialectal) shelter, offset (used for protection)
    Synonyms: стряха (strjaha), навес (naves)
  2. (dialectal) pen, sheepfold
    Synonyms: кошара (košara), котец (kotec)
Declension[edit]

This entry needs an inflection-table template.

Derived terms[edit]

References[edit]

  • Todorov T., editor (2010) , “слон¹”, in Български етимологичен речник [Bulgarian Etymological Dictionary] (in Bulgarian), volume 7, Sofia: Bulgarian Academy of Sciences, page 112

Macedonian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Slavic *slonъ, possibly a deverbative from Proto-Slavic *sloniti sę (to lean against), relating to а medieval story of а sleeping elephant who leaned against a tree. According to some other sources, it is related to the Turkish arslan (lion).

Noun[edit]

слон (slonm

  1. elephant

Declension[edit]


Russian[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Slavic *slonъ, possibly a deverbative from Proto-Slavic *sloniti sę (to lean against), relating to а medieval story of а sleeping elephant who leaned against a tree. According to some other sources, it is related to the Turkish arslan (lion). (Vasmer 1955: 663, Stachowski 2005: 447)

Vovin (2011) proposes that Slavic slonъ reflects Old Chinese (/*slaŋ/, elephant), an etymology previously suggested by Ivanov (1977: 156–57) albeit with an incorrect Old Chinese reconstruction *sðaŋ. As Vovin notes, contact between Slavic and Old Chinese is out of the question, so the solution might arise from an intermediary source. Ivanov (1977:154) believes that the Chuvash forms слон (slon), сӑлан (sălan, elephant) are Russian loans, with the latter being called into question by Vovin on phonetic grounds. According to him, Russian /o/ (phonetically a diphthong [uo] with a mid-high syllabic element [o]) is unlikely to be borrowed as Chuvash low vowel /a/. The reverse, namely the borrowing of Bulgar slightly labialised /a/ as Slavic /o/ is more than likely. Chuvash сӑлан (sălan, elephant) is exactly the expected outcome of the Old Chinese *slaŋ with the insertion of ⟨ă⟩ breaking the OC initial cluster /sl-/ and typical Bulgar shift of PT *ŋ to /n/. The presence of this word in Chuvash places proto-Bulgar speakers in the vicinity of Northern China no later that first century BCE, because approximately after that date the initial clusters in Old Chinese underwent the process of simplification. [1]

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

слон (slonm anim (genitive слона́, nominative plural слоны́, genitive plural слоно́в, feminine слони́ха, related adjective слоно́вый)

  1. elephant
  2. (chess) bishop

Declension[edit]

Abbreviations[edit]

  • (chess piece): С (S)

Synonyms[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

Diminutive forms

Descendants[edit]

  • Kildin Sami: слонн (slonn)

See also[edit]

Chess pieces in Russian · ша́хматные фигу́ры (šáxmatnyje figúry) (layout · text)
♚ ♛ ♜ ♝ ♞ ♟
коро́ль (korólʹ) ферзь (ferzʹ) ладья́ (ladʹjá) слон (slon) конь (konʹ) пе́шка (péška)

Serbo-Croatian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Slavic *slonъ, possibly a deverbative from Proto-Slavic *sloniti sę (to lean against), relating to а medieval story of а sleeping elephant who leaned against a tree. According to some other sources, it's related to the Turkish arslan (lion).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

сло̏н m (Latin spelling slȍn)

  1. elephant

Declension[edit]


Ukrainian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Slavic *slonъ, possibly a deverbative from Proto-Slavic *sloniti sę (to lean against), relating to а medieval story of а sleeping elephant who leaned against a tree. According to some other sources, it's related to the Turkish arslan (lion).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

слон (slonm animal (genitive слона́, nominative plural слони́, genitive plural слоні́в)

  1. elephant
  2. (chess) bishop

Declension[edit]

See also[edit]

Chess pieces in Ukrainian · шахові фігури (šaxovi fihury) (layout · text)
♚ ♛ ♜ ♝ ♞ ♟
король (korolʹ) ферзь (ferzʹ) тура (tura) слон (slon) кінь (kinʹ) пішак (pišak)

References[edit]

  1. ^ Vovin, Alexander (2011) First and second person singular pronouns: a pillar or a pillory of the ‘Altaic’ hypothesis?[1], pages 271–272