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Classical Syriac[edit]


From the root ܚ-ܪ-ܒ (ḥ-r-b) related to killing, from Proto-Semitic *ḥrb. Compare Arabic حَرْب (ḥarb) and Hebrew חֶרֶב (ḥéreḇ).


  • IPA(key): [ħarbɑ(ʔ)] (singular)
  • IPA(key): [ħarbe(ʔ)] (plural)


ܚܪܒܐ (transliteration neededc (plural ܚܪܒܐ)

  1. sword, dagger, blade
  2. spearpoint
  3. ploughshare/plowshare, plough/plow
  4. killing, slaughter
  5. war
  6. defeat, loss
  7. ravaging, devastating, destroying, ruining
  8. desolation, emptiness
  9. avenging, vengeance



Proper noun[edit]

ܚܪܒܐ (transliteration neededm

  1. (astronomy) name of a comet


  • xrb”, in The Comprehensive Aramaic Lexicon Project, Cincinnati: Hebrew Union College, 1986–
  • Costaz, Louis (2002) Dictionnaire syriaque-français : Syriac–English Dictionary, 3rd edition, Beirut: Dar El-Machreq, p. 115a
  • Payne Smith, Jessie (1903) A Compendious Syriac Dictionary Founded Upon the Thesaurus Syriacus of R. Payne Smith, D.D., Oxford: Clarendon Press, p. 156a
  • Sokoloff, Michael (2009) A Syriac Lexicon: A Translation from the Latin, Correction, Expansion, and Update of C. Brockelmann's Lexicon Syriacum, Winona Lake, Indiana; Piscataway, New Jersey: Eisenbrauns; Gorgias Press, p. 486a