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Classical Syriac[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

From the root ܫ-ܒ-ܛ (š-b-ṭ) related to beating out or hammering. Compare Arabic سِبْط (sibṭ) and Hebrew שֵׁבֶט (šḗḇeṭ).


  • IPA(key): [ʃavtˁɑ(ʔ)] (singular)
  • IPA(key): [ʃavtˁe(ʔ)] (plural)


ܫܒܛܐ (transliteration neededm (plural ܫܒܛܐ)

  1. rod, staff, sceptre
  2. spear, lance
  3. stick, branch
  4. stroke, strike, blow, hit, whipping
  5. punishment
  6. rod (unit of measure); measuring rod, standard
  7. (in the plural) fasces
  8. stripe, streak, flash
  9. (astronomy) meteor
  10. (figuratively) scourge, plague
  11. tribe, clan, race (especially Jews)
  12. arum

Etymology 2[edit]

From the root ܫ-ܒ-ܛ (š-b-ṭ) related to beating out or hammering.


  • IPA(key): [ʃ(ə)vɑtˁɑ(ʔ)]


ܫܒܛܐ (transliteration needed) m (uncountable)

  1. straight hair
  2. smooth cloth
  3. salt pork


  • $bT”, in The Comprehensive Aramaic Lexicon Project, Cincinnati: Hebrew Union College, 1986–
  • Costaz, Louis (2002) Dictionnaire syriaque-français : Syriac–English Dictionary, 3rd edition, Beirut: Dar El-Machreq, p. 357a
  • Payne Smith, Jessie (1903) A Compendious Syriac Dictionary Founded Upon the Thesaurus Syriacus of R. Payne Smith, D.D., Oxford: Clarendon Press, p. 556a
  • Sokoloff, Michael (2009) A Syriac Lexicon: A Translation from the Latin, Correction, Expansion, and Update of C. Brockelmann's Lexicon Syriacum, Winona Lake, Indiana; Piscataway, New Jersey: Eisenbrauns; Gorgias Press, p. 1501b