अधिकार

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Hindi[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Borrowed from Sanskrit अधिकार (adhikāra). Equivalent to अधि- (adhi-, encompassing) +‎ कार (kār, work).

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): /ə.d̪ʱɪ.kɑːɾ/

Noun[edit]

अधिकार (adhikārm (Urdu spelling ادھکار)

  1. right, prerogative
    तुम्हें दख़ल देने का कोई अधिकार नहीं है।
    tumhẽ daxal dene kā koī adhikār nahī̃ hai.
    You have no right to interfere.
    Synonyms: हक़ (haq)
  2. authority
    पुलिस को गिरफ़्तार करने का अधिकार है।
    pulis ko giraftār karne kā adhikār hai.
    The police have the authority to arrest.
  3. power
    उसके अधिकार घटा दिए गये हैं
    uske adhikār ghaṭā die gaye ha͠i
    His powers have been curtailed.

Derived terms[edit]

References[edit]

  • Bahri, Hardev (1989), “अधिकार”, in Siksarthi Hindi-Angrejhi Sabdakosa [Learners' Hindi-English Dictionary], Delhi: Rajpal & Sons

Nepali[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Borrowing from Sanskrit अधिकार (adhikāra).

Noun[edit]

अधिकार (adhikār), pronounced अधिकार् (adhikār) or अदिकार् (adikār)

  1. right, authority, power
  2. possession

Sanskrit[edit]

Noun[edit]

अधिकार (adhi-kāram

  1. authority
  2. government, rule, administration, jurisdiction
  3. royalty, prerogative
  4. title
  5. rank
  6. office
  7. claim, right, especially to perform sacrifices with benefit
  8. privilege, ownership
  9. property
  10. reference, relation
  11. topic, subject
  12. paragraph or minor section
  13. (grammar) government, a governing-rule (the influence of which over any number of succeeding rules is called अनुवृत्ति (anu-vṛtti))

Declension[edit]

Masculine a-stem declension of अधिकार
Nom. sg. अधिकारः (adhikāraḥ)
Gen. sg. अधिकारस्य (adhikārasya)
Singular Dual Plural
Nominative अधिकारः (adhikāraḥ) अधिकारौ (adhikārau) अधिकाराः (adhikārāḥ)
Vocative अधिकार (adhikāra) अधिकारौ (adhikārau) अधिकाराः (adhikārāḥ)
Accusative अधिकारम् (adhikāram) अधिकारौ (adhikārau) अधिकारान् (adhikārān)
Instrumental अधिकारेण (adhikāreṇa) अधिकाराभ्याम् (adhikārābhyām) अधिकारैः (adhikāraiḥ)
Dative अधिकाराय (adhikārāya) अधिकाराभ्याम् (adhikārābhyām) अधिकारेभ्यः (adhikārebhyaḥ)
Ablative अधिकारात् (adhikārāt) अधिकाराभ्याम् (adhikārābhyām) अधिकारेभ्यः (adhikārebhyaḥ)
Genitive अधिकारस्य (adhikārasya) अधिकारयोः (adhikārayoḥ) अधिकाराणाम् (adhikārāṇām)
Locative अधिकारे (adhikāre) अधिकारयोः (adhikārayoḥ) अधिकारेषु (adhikāreṣu)

Descendants[edit]

References[edit]

  • Sir Monier Monier-Williams (1898) A Sanskrit-English dictionary etymologically and philologically arranged with special reference to cognate Indo-European languages, Oxford: Clarendon Press, page 0020