सेतु

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Hindi[edit]

Noun[edit]

सेतु (setum

  1. bridge

Sanskrit[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Indo-Aryan *sHáytuṣ, from Proto-Indo-Iranian *sHáytuš (bridge, dam), from Proto-Indo-European *sh₂éy-tu-s ~ *sh₂i-téw-s, from *sh₂ey- (to bind). Cognate with Avestan 𐬵𐬀𐬉𐬙𐬎(haētu, bridge, dam), Ossetian хид (xid, bridge), Latin saeta, Old High German seid (cord), Old Norse seior, Czech sit (net), Old Church Slavonic сеть (setĭ, trap, snare), Lithuanian sietas (tie).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

सेतु (sétum

  1. a ridge of earth, mound, bank, causeway, dike, dam, bridge, any raised piece of ground separating fields (serving as a boundary or as a passage during inundations)
  2. a bond, fetter
  3. a help to the understanding of a text, an explanatory commentary
  4. an established institution, fixed rule

Declension[edit]

Masculine u-stem declension of सेतु (sétu)
Singular Dual Plural
Nominative सेतुः
sétuḥ
सेतू
sétū
सेतवः
sétavaḥ
Vocative सेतो
séto
सेतू
sétū
सेतवः
sétavaḥ
Accusative सेतुम्
sétum
सेतू
sétū
सेतून्
sétūn
Instrumental सेतुना / सेत्वा¹
sétunā / sétvā¹
सेतुभ्याम्
sétubhyām
सेतुभिः
sétubhiḥ
Dative सेतवे / सेत्वे²
sétave / sétve²
सेतुभ्याम्
sétubhyām
सेतुभ्यः
sétubhyaḥ
Ablative सेतोः / सेत्वः²
sétoḥ / sétvaḥ²
सेतुभ्याम्
sétubhyām
सेतुभ्यः
sétubhyaḥ
Genitive सेतोः / सेत्वः²
sétoḥ / sétvaḥ²
सेत्वोः
sétvoḥ
सेतूनाम्
sétūnām
Locative सेतौ
sétau
सेत्वोः
sétvoḥ
सेतुषु
sétuṣu
Notes
  • ¹Vedic
  • ²Less common

Adjective[edit]

सेतु (setu)

  1. binding

Borrowed terms[edit]

  • Hindi: सेतु (setu)
  • Kannada: ಸೇತುವೆ (sētuve)
  • Telugu: సేతువు (sētuvu)

Descendants[edit]